Turricula Schumacher 1817 (snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Clavatulidae

Alternative spelling: Mitra (Turricula)

Synonyms: Clavatula (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Pleurotoma (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Surcula Adams and Adams 1853, Turricula (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Turris (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853

Parent taxon: Clavatulidae according to M. Harzhauser et al. 2009

See also Abbass 1967, Addicott 1970, Adegoke 1977, Baluk 2003, Bohm 1926, Covacevich and Frassinetti 1986, Durham 1944, Gabb 1865, Gabb 1866, Harris and Palmer 1947, Hendy 2007, Hickman 1976, Hickman 1980, MacNeil 1960, Mansfield 1925, Maury 1917, Moore 1984, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1931, Oostingh 1935, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1999, Turner 1938, Vredenburg 1921, Wilson 1994, Woodring 1928, Woodring 1970 and Woods 1922

Sister taxa: Clavatula, Clionella, Glibertturricula, Pusionella

Subtaxa: Surcula africana Surcula andersoni Surcula binotata Surcula birmanica Surcula clarki Surcula coaequalis Surcula cowlitzensis Surcula culleni Surcula decipiens Surcula evermanni Surcula fairbanksi Surcula holwayi Surcula ingens Surcula iravadica Surcula karenaica Surcula labiata Surcula marylandica Surcula mayi Surcula merriami Surcula piura Surcula polyappellatia Surcula riomaonis Surcula sullana Surcula thompsoni Surcula uvasana Surcula washingtoniana Surcula wateleti Turricula (Crenaturricula) Turricula (Leptosurcula) Turricula (Surcula) steinbacherae Turricula (Turricula) Turricula beanensis Turricula bremertonensis Turricula bulwaldana Turricula burroensis Turricula calafia Turricula cooperi Turricula emerita Turricula eolavinia Turricula esdailei Turricula excelsa Turricula flammea Turricula fluctuosa Turricula hanguensis Turricula haydeni Turricula kayalensis Turricula keaseyensis Turricula mclellani Turricula nelliae Turricula ochsneri Turricula piercei Turricula plutonica Turricula praepromensis Turricula promensis Turricula rossellae Turricula sethuramae Turricula spuria Turricula taurina Turricula terryi Turricula thangaensis Turricula tornata Turricula waringi Turricula washingtoniana

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Type: Murex tornatus

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Mexico (1), Taiwan (9), Thailand (1), Vanuatu (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (4), Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (2), the Dominican Republic (3), Fiji (1), India (1), Indonesia (6), Italy (9), Papua New Guinea (1), the Philippines (1)

• Miocene of Chile (1), Colombia (1), Ecuador (4), Greece (2), India (9), Indonesia (13), Italy (5), Japan (3), Myanmar (5), Papua New Guinea (1), United States (5: California, Maryland)

• Oligocene of Hungary (1), Myanmar (1), Peru (1), United States (18: Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Eocene of Angola (1), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (3), Colombia (3), Egypt (1), France (5), Indonesia (2), Mexico (2), Namibia (1), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (11), Pakistan (3), Peru (5), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (17), United States (126: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Belgium (1), Denmark (7), Egypt (1), France (1), Greenland (4), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (3), United States (45: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Poland (3), United States (3: California, Tennessee, Texas)

Total: 368 collections including 549 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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