Turricula Schumacher 1817 (turrid)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

Alternative spelling: Mitra (Turricula)

Synonyms: Clavatula (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Pleurotoma (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Surcula Adams and Adams 1853, Turricula (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Turris (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853

Parent taxon: Clavatulidae according to M. Harzhauser et al. 2009

See also Abbass 1967, Addicott 1970, Baluk 2003, Bohm 1926, Covacevich and Frassinetti 1986, Hendy 2007, MacNeil 1960, Mansfield 1925, Maury 1917, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1931, Oostingh 1935, Sepkoski 2002, Turner 1938, Vredenburg 1921, Wilson 1994, Woodring 1928 and Woodring 1970

Sister taxa: Clavatula, Clionella, Glibertturricula, Pusionella, Cocklespira, Pseudocochlespira, Knefastia, Austrocarina, Marshallena, Fusiturricula, Orthosurcula, Pyramimitra, Nodisurculina, Microsurcula, Paradrillia, Vexitomina, Paracomitas, Mariaturricula, Austrosullivania, Makiyamaia, Fusisyrinx

Subtaxa: Surcula africana Surcula andersoni Surcula birmanica Surcula clarki Surcula culleni Surcula fairbanksi Surcula gesteri Surcula holwayi Surcula ingens Surcula iravadica Surcula karenaica Surcula labiata Surcula marylandica Surcula mayi Surcula merriami Surcula occidentalis Surcula piura Surcula riomaonis Surcula sullana Surcula wateleti Turricula (Crenaturricula) Turricula (Leptosurcula) Turricula (Surcula) steinbacherae Turricula bulwaldana Turricula calafia Turricula cooperi Turricula eolavinia Turricula excelsa Turricula flammea Turricula hanguensis Turricula haydeni Turricula kayalensis Turricula nelliae Turricula ochsneri Turricula piercei Turricula praepromensis Turricula promensis Turricula sethuramae Turricula spuria Turricula taurina Turricula terryi Turricula thangaensis Turricula tornata Turricula waringi

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Type: Murex tornatus

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Mexico (1), Taiwan (9), Thailand (1), Vanuatu (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (4), Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (2), Fiji (1), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (8), Papua New Guinea (1), the Philippines (1)

• Miocene of Ecuador (4), India (9), Indonesia (9), Italy (5), Japan (3), Myanmar (3), Papua New Guinea (1), United States (3: California)

• Oligocene of Hungary (1), United States (9: California, Mississippi)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (5: Oregon)

• Eocene of Angola (1), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (1), Colombia (3), France (5), Indonesia (2), Mexico (1), Namibia (1), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (3), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (53: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Denmark (1), France (1), Greenland (4), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), United States (6: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Poland (3), United States (1: Tennessee)

Total: 192 collections including 250 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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