Ringicula Deshayes 1838 (snail)

Gastropoda - Heterostropha - Ringiculidae

Synonym: Auricula Lamarck 1799 [replaced name]

Parent taxon: Ringiculidae according to J. Gründel and A. Nützel 2012

See also DuBar 1958, Harzhauser and Mandic 2001, MacNeil 1960, Mansfield 1925, Olsson and Harbison 1953, Sepkoski 2002, Sohl 1964, Todd 2001, Ward and Blackwelder 1987, Wienrich and Janssen 2007 and Wood 1848

Sister taxa: Avellana, Biplica, Cinulia, Eriptycha, Gilbertina, Oligoptycha, Ringinella

Subtaxa: Auricula acicula Auricula bimarginata Auricula conovuliformis Auricula cytharella Auricula hordeola Auricula miliaris Auricula miliola Auricula ovata Auricula ringens Auricula sulcata Auricula terebellata Ringicula (Ringicula) Ringicula (Ringiculella) Ringicula (Ringiculina) Ringicula (Ringiculocosta) Ringicula acuta Ringicula arctatoides Ringicula buccinea Ringicula castigata Ringicula clarki Ringicula culbertsoni Ringicula dalli Ringicula dominicana Ringicula minor Ringicula punjabensis Ringicula semperi Ringicula striata Ringicula trapaquara Ringicula trapequara Ringicula turgida Ringicula ventricosa

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Costa Rica (2), Ecuador (1), Italy (3), Japan (3), Panama (1), the Philippines (1), South Africa (2), Thailand (2), United States (4: Florida, North Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (6)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (10), Ecuador (3), Greece (2), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (4), Jamaica (3), Japan (1), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (14), South Africa (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (2: Florida), Venezuela (4)

• Miocene of Austria (4), Belgium (9), Denmark (2), the Dominican Republic (1), France (2), Germany (56), Greece (2), Indonesia (11), Italy (8), the Netherlands (3), New Zealand (4), Panama (22), Poland (1), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (17: Florida)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Germany (1), Panama (1), United States (39: Mississippi)

• Eocene of Angola (1), Antarctica (1), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (3), France (7), Hungary (1), Indonesia (2), Pakistan (6), the United Kingdom (16), United States (44: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Belgium (1), Colombia (1), Denmark (4), Egypt (1), Greenland (1), Poland (4), the United Kingdom (2), United States (16: Alabama, Louisiana, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Mexico (1), Poland (1), South Africa (1), United States (101: Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas)

• Jurassic of Germany (1)

Total: 484 collections including 524 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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