Family Ringiculidae Philippi 1853 (snail)

Gastropoda - Heterostropha - Ringiculidae

Parent taxon: Acteonoidea according to J. Gründel and A. Nützel 2012

See also Beesley 1998, Harzhauser and Mandic 2001, Sohl 1964, Todd 2001, Ward and Blackwelder 1987 and Wienrich and Janssen 2007

Sister taxa: Acteonacea, Acteonellidae, Acteonidae, Aplustridae, Bullinidae, Cylindrobullinidae, Euactaeonina, Hydatinidae, Tubiferidae

Subtaxa: Avellana Biplica Cinulia Eriptycha Gilbertina Microglyphis Oligoptycha Ringicula Ringinella

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Costa Rica (2), Ecuador (1), Italy (3), Japan (3), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), the Philippines (1), South Africa (2), Thailand (2), United States (8: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (6)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (10), Ecuador (3), Greece (2), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (4), Jamaica (3), Japan (1), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (14), South Africa (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (2: Florida), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (4)

• Miocene of Austria (4), Belgium (9), Denmark (2), the Dominican Republic (1), France (2), Germany (56), Greece (2), Indonesia (11), Italy (8), the Netherlands (3), New Zealand (4), Panama (22), Poland (1), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (17: Florida)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Germany (1), Panama (1), United States (40: Mississippi, Washington)

• Eocene of Angola (1), Antarctica (1), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (3), Egypt (1), France (19), Hungary (1), Indonesia (2), Pakistan (6), the United Kingdom (16), United States (69: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (3), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Colombia (2), Denmark (6), Egypt (5), France (1), Greenland (3), Japan (1), Poland (4), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (30: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Maryland, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (1), Argentina (2), Australia (2), Austria (1), Brazil (3), Canada (1: Alberta), Egypt (2), France (9), Germany (5), Indian Ocean (1), Japan (15), Madagascar (4), Mexico (3), Mozambique (8), New Zealand (11), Poland (8), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (2), Switzerland (4), Tanzania (1), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (193: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Germany (1), New Zealand (1)

Total: 743 collections including 847 occurrences

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