†subfamily Phricodothyridinae Caster 1939 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida - Elythidae

Parent taxon: Elythidae according to A. Williams et al. 2006

Sister taxa: Anomaloriinae, Elythinae, Martinothyridinae, Squamularia, Toryniferinae, Zhinania

Subtaxa: Astegosia Bullarina Nebenothyris Permophricodothyris Phricodothyris Spirifer guadalupensis

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Permian of Afghanistan (3 collections), Armenia (9), Australia (4), Azerbaijan (16), Bolivia (26), Canada (5: Nunavut), China (215), Croatia (2), East Timor (1), Indonesia (1), Iran (60), Italy (8), Japan (14), Malaysia (6), Nepal (8), New Zealand (1), Oman (2), Pakistan (65), Peru (4), the Russian Federation (14), Slovenia (1), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Tajikistan (1), Thailand (8), Tunisia (26), Turkey (6), Ukraine (4), United States (269: Alaska, Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas, Utah), Venezuela (3)

• Virgilian of United States (17: Illinois, New Mexico, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (67: Kansas, Missouri, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, Utah)

• Pennsylvanian of China (1)

• Carboniferous of Australia (2), Bolivia (4), Brazil (1), Canada (3: Nunavut), China (3), Ireland (3), Libya (1), Malaysia (1), Peru (1), South Korea (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (19), United States (43: Alaska, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, New mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah)

• Mississippian of Canada (1: Northwest Territories), United States (2: Alaska)

Total: 954 collections including 1141 occurrences

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