Scapharca Gray 1847 (clam)

Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae

Alternative spellings: Anadara (Scapharca), Arca (Scapharca), Barbatia (Scapharca)

Parent taxon: Anadarinae according to D. T. Dockery 1982

See also da Silva Forti 1969, Glenn 1904, Harris and Palmer 1946, Jung 1965, Maury 1917, Mikkelsen 2006, Pilsbry and Olsson 1941, Sepkoski 2002, Vokes 1980 and Wienrich 1999

Sister taxa: Anadara, Dallarca, Hataiarca, Indacar, Mabelllarca, Nemoarca, Philippinarca, Samacar, Scapharcopsis, Scaphula, Senilia, Tegilarca

Subtaxa: Anadara (Scapharca) inaequivalvis Anadara (Scapharca) spiekeri Arca (Scapharca) aguadica Arca (Scapharca) collazica Arca (Scapharca) ecuadoriana Arca (Scapharca) hopkinsi Arca (Scapharca) sansebastiana Arca (Scapharca) weeksi Arca (Scapharca) wheeleri Scapharca (Scapharca) Scapharca axelolssoni Scapharca broughtoni Scapharca cornea Scapharca crashleyi Scapharca crassissima Scapharca eusphaera Scapharca inaequivalvis Scapharca meroensis Scapharca pertenuicosta Scapharca pinguescens Scapharca rustica Scapharca satowi Scapharca sedanensis Scapharca terhaari Scapharca tjilanangensis Scapharca vanwinkleae Scapharca zorritosensis

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Type: Arca inaequivalvis

Ecology: facultatively mobile semi-infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Dominican Republic (1 collection), Iran (1), Italy (3), Japan (11), Pakistan (3), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Thailand (1)

• Pliocene of Algeria (1), Costa Rica (1), Cyprus (1), Ecuador (1), Greece (3), India (1), Indonesia (11), Italy (2), Japan (5), Pakistan (5), the Philippines (1), Spain (4), Trinidad and Tobago (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Indonesia (2)

• Miocene of Belgium (9), Brazil (6), Bulgaria (6), Colombia (3), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Germany (39), Greece (2), India (2), Indonesia (12), Italy (10), Japan (3), Morocco (5), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (2), Peru (3), Poland (3), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Trinidad and Tobago (12), United States (5: California, South Carolina), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Haiti (1)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Ecuador (1), Hungary (2), Peru (2), Puerto Rico (3), United States (27: Mississippi)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Haiti (1)

Total: 230 collections including 270 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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