Scapharca (Scapharca) Gray 1847 (clam)

Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae

Parent taxon: Scapharca according to Gray 1847

See also Dockery 1982

Sister taxa: Anadara (Scapharca) inaequivalvis, Anadara (Scapharca) spiekeri, Arca (Scapharca) aguadica, Arca (Scapharca) collazica, Arca (Scapharca) ecuadoriana, Arca (Scapharca) hopkinsi, Arca (Scapharca) sansebastiana, Arca (Scapharca) weeksi, Arca (Scapharca) wheeleri, Scapharca axelolssoni, Scapharca broughtoni, Scapharca cornea, Scapharca crashleyi, Scapharca crassissima, Scapharca eusphaera, Scapharca inaequivalvis, Scapharca meroensis, Scapharca pertenuicosta, Scapharca pinguescens, Scapharca rustica, Scapharca satowi, Scapharca sedanensis, Scapharca terhaari, Scapharca tjilanangensis, Scapharca vanwinkleae, Scapharca zorritosensis

Subtaxa: Scapharca (Scapharca) cordicosta Scapharca (Scapharca) delicatula Scapharca (Scapharca) diluvii Scapharca (Scapharca) gendinganensis Scapharca (Scapharca) geyleri Scapharca (Scapharca) hulshofi Scapharca (Scapharca) invidiosa Scapharca (Scapharca) multiformis

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Ecology: facultatively mobile semi-infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (3 collections), Spain (1)

• Pliocene of Algeria (1), Cyprus (1), Greece (3), Indonesia (3), Italy (2), the Philippines (1), Spain (4)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Indonesia (2)

• Miocene of Belgium (9), Brazil (1), Bulgaria (6), Cyprus (1), Germany (39), Greece (2), Indonesia (7), Italy (9), Morocco (5), the Netherlands (1), Poland (3), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (1)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Hungary (2), United States (23: Mississippi)

Total: 133 collections including 134 occurrences

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