Modiolus Lamarck 1801 (mussel)

Bivalvia - Mytilida - Mytilidae

Alternative spellings: Modiola, Modiolum, Mytilus (Modiolus)

Parent taxon: Mytilidae according to G. M. El Qot 2006

See also Forbes 1846, Glenn 1904, Lamprell and Healy 1998, Marquet et al. 2008, Marquez-Aliaga et al. 2010, Mikkelsen 2006, Oostingh 1935, Richards and Harbison 1942, Rosenberg 2005, Scholz et al. 2008, Sepkoski 2002, Sey and Kalacheva 1980, Todd 2001, Vokes 1980 and Ward and Blackwelder 1987

Sister taxa: Adipicola, Adula, Aeidimytilus, Amygdalum, Antetrichomya, Arcomytilus, Arcoperna, Arcuatula, Arcuatulinae, Arvella, Aulacomya, Bathymodiolinae, Bathymodiolus, Botulina, Botulopa, Botulopsis, Brachiodontes, Ciboticola, Crenella, Cuneolus, Dacrydium, Eyrena, Falcimytilus, Fluviolanatus, Geukensia, Gregariella, Hilgardella, Inoperna, Lecompteus, Lioberus, Lithophaga, Lithophaginae, Lycettia, Mauricia, Modiolaria, Modiolatus, Modiolinae, Musculista, Mytella, Mytilaster, Mytilinae, Mytiloconcha, Perna, Phthonia, Rhomboidella, Scolimytilus, Septifer, Stavelia, Trichomusculus, Trichomya, Volsella, Volsellina, Xenomytilinae, Xenostrobus

Subtaxa: Modiola (Lithophagus) Modiola (Septiola) Modiola amygdalina Modiola angustissima Modiola barbata Modiola bolodekensis Modiola costulata Modiola decliva Modiola fornicata Modiola gracilis Modiola hartleyensis Modiola houstonia Modiola marmorata Modiola ocrophaius Modiola pantanellii Modiola pictinatus Modiola potomacensis Modiola praerupta Modiola pueblensis Modiola ravni Modiola rhombea Modiola sanharica Modiola solenoides Modiola subcarinatus Modiola sulcatus Modiola transparens Modiola tulipea Modiolus (Cyranus) Modiolus (Inoperna) Modiolus (Modiolus) Modiolus (Modiolusia) Modiolus adelaidensis Modiolus aequalis Modiolus altiobliquus Modiolus ameghinoi Modiolus americana Modiolus americanus Modiolus archiskanni Modiolus areolatus Modiolus auriculatus Modiolus ausiensis Modiolus bakeri Modiolus balongensis Modiolus bipartitus Modiolus buckmani Modiolus capax Modiolus cawcawensis Modiolus columbianus Modiolus dalli Modiolus dimidiatus Modiolus ducatelii Modiolus ducatellii Modiolus ellipticus Modiolus extensus Modiolus frugi Modiolus gejiuensis Modiolus gerthi Modiolus giganteus Modiolus gigantoides Modiolus gigantus Modiolus grammatus Modiolus guiyangensis Modiolus hollicki Modiolus ionensis Modiolus jaworskii Modiolus kelsoensis Modiolus koneckii Modiolus latecaudatus Modiolus lawsoni Modiolus ligeriensis Modiolus magnus Modiolus meganosensis Modiolus micropteris Modiolus minimus Modiolus omanensis Modiolus ornatus Modiolus philippinarum Modiolus pliciferus Modiolus pulchellus Modiolus pygmaeus Modiolus restorationensis Modiolus reversus Modiolus sacculifer Modiolus salzstettensis Modiolus sandbergeri Modiolus semilaevigatus Modiolus silentiensis Modiolus solea Modiolus speciosus Modiolus strajeskianus Modiolus subsimplex Modiolus tenuistriatus Modiolus trigonalis Modiolus typicus Modiolus virginicus Modiolus wajampolkensis Modiolus weiyuanensis Modiolus willapaensis Modiolus ynezianus Modiolus yunnanensis Mytilus (Modiolus) cypris Mytilus (Modiolus) pulcher

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Ecology: stationary semi-infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections), the Bahamas (2), Bermuda (2), Canada (2: Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec), Ecuador (1), Eritrea (1), France (1), French Polynesia (1), Iceland (2), Ireland (1), Japan (4), Kenya (1), Mauritius (1), Mexico (12), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (6), Pakistan (1), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (1), Sweden (1), the United Kingdom (7), United States (24: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Belgium (2), Costa Rica (1), Ecuador (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Japan (2), Pakistan (3), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (2), Trinidad and Tobago (2), the United Kingdom (4), United States (10: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (10: California)

• Miocene of Algeria (2), Argentina (5), Austria (1), Brazil (1), Bulgaria (2), Chile (3), Croatia (1), Cyprus (5), the Dominican Republic (2), France (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (6), Moldova (2), Morocco (3), New Zealand (1), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Panama (1), Poland (5), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (14), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (30: California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Antarctica (1), Argentina (1), United States (6: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (4), Belgium (1), France (3), Hungary (2), Iran (1), Israel (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (2), the Russian Federation (9), United States (18: Alaska, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Washington)

• Eocene of Antarctica (11), Argentina (2), Australia (2), Bulgaria (2), Egypt (1), Haiti (1), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Japan (4), New Zealand (2), Panama (1), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (5), Saudi Arabia (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (56: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Argentina (2), Belgium (2), Denmark (6), Greenland (1), Nigeria (1), the Russian Federation (4), United States (17: Alabama, California, Georgia, Louisiana, New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Algeria (1), Antarctica (5), Argentina (16), Austria (2), Brazil (4), Bulgaria (1), Canada (10: Alberta, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (2), Ecuador (1), Egypt (14), France (6), Germany (7), Hungary (1), India (1), Iran (3), Italy (1), Japan (8), Libya (1), Madagascar (2), Mozambique (3), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (11), Niger (2), Oman (5), Pakistan (1), Peru (2), Poland (5), the Russian Federation (5), Serbia and Montenegro (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sweden (1), Switzerland (2), Turkmenistan (1), USSR (7), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (87: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Canada (1: British Columbia)

• Jurassic of Argentina (24), Canada (25: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (89), China (17), Denmark (1), Egypt (2), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (17), France (51), Germany (9), Greenland (65), Hungary (3), India (51), Iran (1), Italy (1), Japan (10), Jordan (3), Kenya (5), Luxembourg (3), Madagascar (6), Mexico (6), Poland (6), Portugal (67), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (15), Saudi Arabia (29), Slovakia (1), Somalia (9), Spain (23), Switzerland (2), Tanzania (9), Thailand (4), Tunisia (67), the United Kingdom (76), United States (37: Alaska, California, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming), Vietnam (2), Yemen (16)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (3)

• Triassic of Argentina (3), Austria (9), Canada (1: British Columbia), Chile (1), China (35), France (6), Germany (9), Hungary (4), India (1), Israel (1), Italy (17), Japan (3), the Netherlands (2), the Russian Federation (3), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (2), Spain (11), Tunisia (1), the United Arab Emirates (4), the United Kingdom (11), United States (3: Alaska, Utah), Vietnam (5)

• Permian of Australia (10), China (3), Nepal (1), Pakistan (1), the Russian Federation (8), United States (1: Alaska)

• Atokan of United States (1: Ohio)

• Namurian of Spain (1)

• Chesterian of United States (2: Ohio, West Virginia)

• Carboniferous of Argentina (1), Ireland (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (11: Arizona, Kansas, Nevada, Oklahoma, Utah, West Virginia)

• Devonian of Brazil (8), Germany (1), Uruguay (1)

Total: 1581 collections including 1884 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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