Subfamily Mytilinae Rafinesque 1815 (mussel)

Bivalvia - Mytilida - Mytilidae

Synonyms: Adulinae Scarlato and Starobogatov , Brachidontinae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979, Perninae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979

Parent taxon: Mytilidae according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Dockery 1982, Griffin et al. 2008, Iqbal 1973, Kauffman and Leanza 2004, Moore 1983, Spencer et al. 2004 and Stilwell and Zinsmeister 1992

Sister taxa: Adipicola, Amygdalum, Antetrichomya, Arcomytilus, Arcoperna, Arcuatula, Arcuatulinae, Arvella, Aulacomya, Bathymodiolinae, Bathymodiolus, Botulina, Botulopa, Botulopsis, Brachiodontes, Ciboticola, Coxesia, Crenomytilus, Cuneolus, Dacrydium, Eyrena, Falcimytilus, Fluviolanatus, Geukensia, Hilgardella, Inoperna, Lecompteus, Lioberus, Lithophaga, Lithophaginae, Lycettia, Mauricia, Modiolaria, Modiolatus, Modiolinae, Modiolus, Musculista, Mytilaster, Mytiloconcha, Phthonia, Promytilus, Rhomboidella, Stavelia, Trichomusculus, Trichomya, Volsella, Volsellina, Vulcanidas, Xenomytilinae, Xenostrobus

Subtaxa: Adulini Aulacomyini Brachidontes Choromytilus Crenomytilini Ischadium Mytella Mytilini Mytilosootus Mytilus Nodomytilus Perna Perumytilus Semimodiola Semimytilus Septifer

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (11 collections), Australia (12), the Bahamas (2), Belgium (1), Bermuda (8), Canada (34: British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), Chile (14), Cuba (1), Djibouti (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (1), Eritrea (1), France (1), Greenland (15), Haiti (2), Iceland (5), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (4), Kenya (2), the Marshall Islands (4), Mayotte (2), Mexico (17), Morocco (9), Mozambique (1), Namibia (4), the Netherlands (7), New Zealand (2), Norway (1), Panama (3), Peru (12), Poland (11), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (9), Spain (5), Sweden (1), Turks and Caicos Islands (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (22), United States (118: Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, Washington), Uruguay (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Chile (1), United States (2: Florida, Washington)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Belgium (6), Chile (2), Iceland (3), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Japan (4), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (2), Peru (6), the Russian Federation (5), South Africa (4), Spain (2), Trinidad and Tobago (13), the United Kingdom (6), United States (14: California, Florida, North Carolina, Oregon, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (2: Alaska, Florida)

• Neogene of Chile (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Argentina (4), Australia (3), Austria (2), Brazil (4), Bulgaria (1), Chile (1), Colombia (32), Cyprus (2), Denmark (1), Ecuador (1), Egypt (3), France (3), French Southern Territories (3), Greenland (2), Hungary (1), India (1), Indonesia (4), Iraq (1), Italy (1), Japan (16), Mexico (1), Moldova (1), New Zealand (2), Panama (7), Peru (2), Poland (4), the Russian Federation (13), South Africa (1), Spain (1), United States (28: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina), Venezuela (3)

• Oligocene to Miocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (1), Austria (1), Belgium (3), Canada (6: British Columbia), France (5), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Japan (3), Mexico (2), Myanmar (1), Peru (2), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (10), United States (36: Alaska, California, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene of Antarctica (4), Australia (2), Bahrain (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Bulgaria (3), Egypt (1), France (1), Greenland (1), India (1), Italy (1), Japan (17), Mexico (1), Namibia (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (1), Peru (6), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (4), Spain (11), Trinidad and Tobago (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (130: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: Maryland)

• Paleocene of Argentina (1), Belgium (2), China (1), Denmark (2), France (1), Nigeria (1), the Russian Federation (3), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (2), the United Kingdom (2), United States (39: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Argentina (16), Azerbaijan (1), Bolivia (2), Bulgaria (1), Cameroon (3), Canada (2: Alberta), Chile (2), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (7), France (11), Hungary (2), India (1), Iran (6), Israel (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (17), Jordan (3), Libya (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (5), Nigeria (2), Oman (1), Peru (1), Poland (4), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (2), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (2), Sweden (1), Switzerland (16), Tanzania (1), Turkmenistan (1), the United Arab Emirates (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (123: Alabama, Arizona, California, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas)

• Jurassic of Canada (1: British Columbia), China (1), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (9), France (20), Germany (11), Greenland (2), Hong Kong (1), Italy (2), Kenya (4), Madagascar (5), New Zealand (1), Oman (1), Poland (2), Portugal (20), Saudi Arabia (3), Slovenia (2), Somalia (9), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Tanzania (3), Thailand (1), the United Kingdom (22), United States (7: California, Utah, Wyoming), Yemen (14)

• Triassic of Austria (10), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Bulgaria (1), Canada (1: British Columbia), China (4), France (3), Germany (5), Greece (1), Hungary (9), Indonesia (2), Italy (11), Japan (1), Malaysia (1), Mexico (1), Papua New Guinea (1), the Russian Federation (8), Turkey (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (5: Alaska, California, Montana, Nevada, Utah)

• Permian of Australia (2), China (1), India (1)

• Silurian of China (1), Morocco (1)

Total: 1389 collections including 1616 occurrences

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