Subfamily Mytilinae Rafinesque 1815 (mussel)

Bivalvia - Mytilida - Mytilidae

Synonyms: Adulinae Scarlato and Starobogatov , Brachidontinae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979, Perninae Scarlato and Starobogatov 1979

Parent taxon: Mytilidae according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Dockery 1982, Iqbal 1973, Kauffman and Leanza 2004, Spencer et al. 2004 and Stilwell and Zinsmeister 1992

Sister taxa: Adipicola, Adula, Aeidimytilus, Amygdalum, Antetrichomya, Arcomytilus, Arcoperna, Arcuatula, Arcuatulinae, Arvella, Aulacomya, Bathymodiolinae, Botulina, Botulopa, Botulopsis, Brachiodontes, Ciboticola, Crenella, Cuneolus, Dacrydium, Eyrena, Falcimytilus, Fluviolanatus, Geukensia, Gregariella, Hilgardella, Inoperna, Lecompteus, Lioberus, Lithophaga, Lithophaginae, Lycettia, Mauricia, Modiolaria, Modiolatus, Modiolinae, Modiolus, Musculista, Mytella, Mytilaster, Mytiloconcha, Perna, Phthonia, Rhomboidella, Scolimytilus, Septifer, Stavelia, Trichomusculus, Trichomya, Volsella, Volsellina, Xenomytilinae, Xenostrobus

Subtaxa: Adulini Aulacomyini Brachidontes Choromytilus Crenomytilini Ischadium Mytilini Mytilosootus Mytilus Nodomytilus Perumytilus Semimytilus

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (11 collections), Australia (10), the Bahamas (2), Belgium (1), Bermuda (8), Canada (32: British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), Chile (2), Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (1), Eritrea (1), France (1), Greenland (9), Haiti (2), Iceland (5), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (4), Mexico (14), Morocco (7), Mozambique (1), Namibia (3), the Netherlands (6), Panama (3), Peru (9), Poland (11), South Africa (8), Spain (5), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (22), United States (83: Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, Washington), Uruguay (3)

• Blancan of United States (4: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (2: Florida, Washington)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Belgium (6), Chile (1), Iceland (3), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Japan (4), the Netherlands (1), Peru (5), the Russian Federation (5), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Trinidad and Tobago (13), the United Kingdom (6), United States (12: California, Florida, North Carolina, Oregon, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: Alaska)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Argentina (4), Australia (2), Brazil (4), Chile (1), Colombia (32), Denmark (1), Ecuador (1), Egypt (3), France (3), Greenland (2), India (1), Indonesia (3), Iraq (1), Italy (1), Japan (22), Mexico (4), New Zealand (1), Panama (6), Peru (2), Poland (3), the Russian Federation (14), Spain (1), United States (40: Alaska, California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene to Miocene of the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: California)

• Oligocene of Argentina (1), Austria (6), Belgium (3), Canada (1: British Columbia), Hungary (1), Japan (3), Mexico (2), Myanmar (1), Peru (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (10), Turkey (1), United States (34: Alaska, California, Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Bahrain (1), Bulgaria (2), Egypt (1), France (1), Greenland (1), India (1), Italy (1), Japan (7), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (1), Peru (3), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (4), Spain (11), Trinidad and Tobago (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (85: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oregon, Texas, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of United States (1: Maryland)

• Paleocene of Belgium (2), China (1), Denmark (2), France (1), Nigeria (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (2), United States (35: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Argentina (3), Bulgaria (1), Cameroon (1), Canada (2: Alberta), Cuba (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (5), France (10), Hungary (1), India (1), Iran (6), Israel (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (14), Jordan (3), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (5), Nigeria (1), Oman (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (16), Tanzania (1), the United Arab Emirates (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (91: Alabama, Arizona, California, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas), Zaire (1)

• Jurassic of China (1), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (9), France (17), Germany (11), Greenland (1), Hong Kong (1), Italy (2), Kenya (4), Madagascar (5), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Poland (1), Portugal (17), Saudi Arabia (3), Somalia (9), Tanzania (3), Thailand (1), the United Kingdom (15), United States (7: California, Utah, Wyoming), Yemen (14)

• Triassic of Austria (8), Bulgaria (1), Canada (1: British Columbia), China (4), France (2), Germany (3), Hungary (3), Italy (3), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Papua New Guinea (1), the Russian Federation (7), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (5: Alaska, California, Montana, Nevada, Utah)

• Permian of Australia (2), China (1)

• Devonian of Morocco (1)

• Silurian of China (1), Morocco (1)

Total: 1097 collections including 1251 occurrences

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