Lopha Röding 1798 (oyster)

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Ostreidae

Alternative spelling: Ostrea (Lopha)

Parent taxon: Lophinae according to E. J. Moore 1987

See also Dockery 1982, Ladd and Hoffmeister 1945, Lamprell and Healy 1998, Oostingh 1935, Sepkoski 2002, Vokes 1980, Woodring 1925 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Amphidonta, Avia, Conradostrea, Cubitostrea, Dendostrea, Fatina, Flemingostrea, Odontogryphaea, Ostreini, Ostreola, Pustulostreini, Undulostreini, Arctostrea, Myrakeenini, Agerostrea, Abruptolopha, Pseudoperna, Oscillolopha, Lophini, Rastellum, Alectryonella

Subtaxa: Lopha (Actinostreon) Lopha (Arctostrea) Lopha (Lopha) Lopha (Rastellum) Lopha blanfordi Lopha chlamydoides Lopha costata Lopha cristagalli Lopha dageensis Lopha dieneri Lopha engelmanni Lopha euzebioi Lopha lombardi Lopha longifolium Lopha murakamii Lopha papieri Lopha radiata Lopha simplexa Lopha stefaninii Lopha teranosawensis Lopha vulsa Lopha wulanwulaensis Ostrea (Lopha) guppyi Ostrea (Lopha) hyotiformis Ostrea (Lopha) larva Ostrea (Lopha) paramegodon

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Djibouti (1 collection), Eritrea (1), Yemen (4)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Fiji (1), Haiti (3), Indonesia (2), Jamaica (2), Mexico (2), Portugal (1), Tanzania (1)

• Miocene of Australia (2), Ecuador (1), Fiji (12), Haiti (5), Indonesia (3), Italy (2), Libya (1), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1)

• Oligocene of Mexico (3), United States (36: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi)

• Eocene of Bulgaria (1), Germany (1), Italy (3), United States (10: Alabama, Mississippi)

• Paleocene of Argentina (1)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (5), Brazil (3), Egypt (3), France (1), Hungary (2), Japan (8), Lebanon (1), Peru (1), Poland (1), Portugal (16), Slovenia (1), Spain (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), the United Arab Emirates (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (19: Alabama, Arizona, Kansas, New Mexico, Texas), Venezuela (4)

• Jurassic of Canada (3: British Columbia), Chile (2), China (2), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (2), France (57), Germany (2), India (2), Italy (1), Japan (1), Jordan (1), Kenya (14), Madagascar (2), Morocco (2), Portugal (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Somalia (2), Spain (1), Switzerland (1), Tanzania (7), the United Kingdom (7), United States (11: Idaho, Montana, Utah)

• Triassic of Canada (1: Yukon), China (20), Italy (2), Mexico (1), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (2), the United Arab Emirates (4), the United Kingdom (1), United States (3: California, Oregon), Vietnam (1)

• Permian of China (15), Japan (3)

Total: 350 collections including 376 occurrences

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