Laevicardium substriatum Conrad 1837 (cockle)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Alternative combinations: Cardium substriatum, Laevicardium (Laevicardium) substriatum, Liocardium substriatum

Synonyms: Cardium cruentatum Gould 1855, Cardium elenense Sowerby II 1840, Laevicardium (Laevicardium) elenense Sowerby II 1840, Laevicardium apicinum Carpenter 1864, Laevicardium elenense Sowerby II 1840, Laevicardium pedernalense Pilsbry and Olsson 1941

Belongs to Laevicardium according to A. Hendy 2021

See also Aberhan and Fursich 1991, Ashley 1895, Coan et al. 2000, Coan and Valentich-Scott 2012, Grant, IV and Gale 1931, Moore 2003, Pilsbry and Olsson 1941 and Powell et al. 2005

Sister taxa: Cardium (Laevicardium) alaskensis, Cardium (Laevicardium) melvilli, Cardium (Laevicardium) mortoni, Cardium (Laevicardium) unicolor, Laevicardium (Habecardium), Laevicardium (Laevicardium), Laevicardium biradiatum, Laevicardium compressum, Laevicardium crassum, Laevicardium ecuadoriale, Laevicardium elatum, Laevicardium etheringtoni, Laevicardium leptorimum, Laevicardium lobulatum, Laevicardium multipunctatum, Laevicardium nemocardiforme, Laevicardium oblongum, Laevicardium papyraceum, Laevicardium pictum, Laevicardium pristis, Laevicardium serratum, Laevicardium sybariticum, Laevicardium tristiculum, Laevicardium venustulum, Laevicardium vitellinum, Dinocardium (Exocardium) chipolanum

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Ecuador (2), Mexico (1), United States (16: California)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (3)

Total: 23 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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