Laevicardium Swainson 1840 (cockle)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Alternative spelling: Cardium (Laevicardium)

Synonyms: Dinocardium (Exocardium) Olsson 1964, Exocardium Olsson 1964

Parent taxon: Laevicardiinae according to E. V. Coan and P. Valentich-Scott 2012

See also Coan et al. 2000, Dockery 1982, Gardner 1947, Glenn 1904, Lamprell and Whitehead 1992, Marasti 1973, Moths et al. 2010, Olsson 1964, Oostingh 1935, Schneider 1995, Sepkoski 2002, Vokes 1980, Ward and Blackwelder 1987 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Discors, Fulvia

Subtaxa: Cardium (Laevicardium) alaskensis Cardium (Laevicardium) melvilli Cardium (Laevicardium) mortoni Cardium (Laevicardium) unicolor Dinocardium (Exocardium) chipolanum Laevicardium (Habecardium) Laevicardium (Laevicardium) Laevicardium compressum Laevicardium crassum Laevicardium ecuadoriale Laevicardium elatum Laevicardium etheringtoni Laevicardium leptorimum Laevicardium multipunctatum Laevicardium nemocardiforme Laevicardium oblongum Laevicardium papyraceum Laevicardium serratum Laevicardium tristiculum Laevicardium venustulum Laevicardium vitellinum

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Type: Cardium oblongum

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), the Bahamas (3), Belgium (1), Bermuda (2), Cayman Islands (2), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), Djibouti (1), the Dominican Republic (3), Ecuador (1), Iran (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Kenya (2), Mexico (3), Morocco (2), the Netherlands (2), Panama (1), the Philippines (1), Portugal (3), Spain (1), Taiwan (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (53: California, Florida, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Mexico (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Belgium (7), Colombia (5), Costa Rica (2), the Dominican Republic (9), Ecuador (5), Indonesia (4), Italy (1), Jamaica (4), Japan (7), Mexico (3), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (3), Panama (9), the Russian Federation (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (4: California, Florida, North Carolina), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (4)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (5)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Austria (3), Belgium (6), Brazil (5), Colombia (5), the Dominican Republic (30), Germany (31), Greece (2), India (1), Indonesia (8), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (30), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (2), Pakistan (1), Panama (13), Puerto Rico (2), the Russian Federation (13), Slovakia (1), United States (10: Florida), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (1), Austria (1), Denmark (2), France (26), Germany (2), Haiti (1), Hungary (3), the Russian Federation (5), United States (10: Alaska, Georgia, Mississippi)

• Eocene of Belgium (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (2), New Zealand (1), United States (2: Alabama, Mississippi)

• Cretaceous of Japan (6), Spain (1)

Total: 417 collections including 468 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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