Pinctada RÅ¡ding 1798 (pearl oyster)

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Pteriidae

Alternative spelling: Pteria (Pinctada)

Synonyms: Avicula (Meleagrina) Lamarck 1819, Margaritifera Jameson 1901, Meleagrina Lamarck 1819, Perlamater Schumacher 1817, Pintadina Blainville 1826, Unionium Link 1807

Parent taxon: Pteriidae according to G. Rosenberg 2005

See also Bittner 1891, Grant and Gale 1931, Lamprell and Healy 1998, Sepkoski 2002, Spencer et al. 2004 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxa: Actinopterinia, Arcavicula, Austropteria, Avicula, Confusionella, Dattinae, Electroma, Eopinctada, Limopteria, Phelopteria, Pseudaucella, Pterelectroma, Pteria, Pteriinae, Pterinellinae, Pteroperna, Ptychopterinia, Rhaetavicula, Rhynchopterus, Somapteria, Stefaninia, Triaxus

Subtaxa: Avicula (Meleagrina) foulloni Margaritifera (Palaeomargaritifera) Meleagrina antiqua Meleagrina crassicardia Pinctada albina Pinctada imbricata Pinctada maculata Pinctada margaritifera Pinctada margaritiferus Pinctada maxima Pteria (Pinctada) mazatlanica

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Bermuda (1), the Dominican Republic (1), French Polynesia (1), Iran (1), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Turks and Caicos Islands (1), United States (3: Florida, Hawaii)

• Pliocene of Belgium (3), South Africa (2)

• Miocene of Australia (5), Austria (1), Belgium (1)

• Cretaceous of Japan (1)

Total: 26 collections including 28 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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