Family Pteriidae Gray 1847 (pearl oyster)

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Pteriidae

Parent taxon: Pterioidea according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Coan et al. 2000, Dockery 1982, Isberg 1934, Nevesskaja 2009, Spencer et al. 2004 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxa: Bakevelliidae, Cassianellidae, Kochiidae, Malleidae, Pergamidiidae, Plicatostylidae, Vlastidae, Lunulicardiidae, Melinidae, Vulsellidae

Subtaxa: Actinopterinia Arcavicula Austropteria Avicula Confusionella Dattinae Electroma Eopinctada Limopteria Magnavicula Phelopteria Pinctada Pseudaucella Pterelectroma Pteria Pteriinae Pterinella Pteroperna Ptychopterinia Rhaetavicula Rhynchopterus Somapteria Triaxus

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (5 collections), Bermuda (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Egypt (2), Eritrea (1), French Polynesia (1), Iran (1), Japan (3), Kenya (1), Mexico (2), Panama (1), United States (13: Florida, Hawaii, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (3), Costa Rica (1), Haiti (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (4), Japan (1), Panama (1), South Africa (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (3: Florida, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1)

• Miocene of Australia (5), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Brazil (4), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), the Dominican Republic (4), France (2), Germany (5), Grenada (2), Indonesia (1), Moldova (1), New Zealand (3), Pakistan (1), Panama (13), Puerto Rico (1), United States (8: California, Florida), Vanuatu (1)

• Oligocene of France (25), Germany (1), Hungary (2), Japan (2), Mexico (1), United States (17: Mississippi)

• Eocene of Antarctica (4), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Bulgaria (1), Japan (6), Mexico (2), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (68: Alabama, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene of Australia (1), France (1), New Zealand (1), United States (13: Alabama, Maryland, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (3), Argentina (29), Brazil (1), Canada (10: Alberta, Saskatchewan), Colombia (2), Cuba (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (22), France (2), Germany (5), India (1), Italy (1), Japan (9), Kazakhstan (1), Mexico (2), Mozambique (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (1), Peru (1), Poland (5), Portugal (1), South Africa (1), Sweden (1), USSR (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (198: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of United States (1: Alaska)

• Jurassic of Argentina (1), Chile (3), China (7), Ethiopia (1), France (22), Germany (6), India (28), Israel (1), Italy (4), Japan (2), Kenya (1), Madagascar (1), New Zealand (7), Poland (10), Portugal (68), Romania (2), Saudi Arabia (4), Spain (1), Tanzania (1), the United Kingdom (22), United States (2: Alaska, California), Yemen (2)

• Triassic of Austria (68), China (97), France (8), Hungary (6), India (1), Iran (5), Israel (1), Italy (26), Japan (10), Kazakhstan (2), Laos (1), Myanmar (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (3), the Russian Federation (12), Slovakia (5), Spain (1), Switzerland (1), the United Kingdom (14), United States (63: Alaska, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming), Vietnam (9)

• Permian of Australia (1), China (9), Tanzania (4), United States (4: Alaska, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (1: Missouri)

• Osagean of United States (1: Indiana)

• Carboniferous of Australia (1), Canada (1: Alberta), United States (1: Alaska)

• Devonian of the Czech Republic (1), the Russian Federation (3), Ukraine (1), United States (1: New York), Vietnam (4)

• Silurian of Morocco (3)

• Ordovician of Sweden (2), the United Kingdom (3)

Total: 1143 collections including 1309 occurrences

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