Cardium Linnaeus 1758 (cockle)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Parent taxon: Cardiinae according to H. E. Vokes 1980

See also Gazdzicki and Pugaczewska 1984, Glenn 1904, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1967, Oostingh 1935, Packard 1922, Russell and Landes 1937, Schneider 2002, Sepkoski 2002, Vera-Peláez et al. 2004 and Wienrich 1999

Sister taxa: Bucardium, Cardiini, Chesacardium, Criocardium, Dinocardiini, Dinocardium, Ethmocardium, Planicardium, Rudicardium, Schedocardia, Septocardia, Vepricardiini, Vepricardium

Subtaxa: Cardium (Criocardium) Cardium (Eucardium) Cardium (Granocardium) Cardium (Pachycardium) Cardium altum Cardium angustatum Cardium bisectum Cardium bottegoi Cardium bourdoti Cardium casertanum Cardium centifilosum Cardium cloacinum Cardium concinnum Cardium cuculloides Cardium dalli Cardium dalli Cardium dariesi Cardium fragum Cardium impeditium Cardium inaequiconvexum Cardium incomptum Cardium indicum Cardium interruptum Cardium intersectum Cardium khowaiteri Cardium kummeli Cardium lucerna Cardium moricinum Cardium nanum Cardium nodosulum Cardium nodosum Cardium nuculoides Cardium obliquum Cardium oldroydi Cardium ouralicum Cardium perobliquum Cardium philotarium Cardium pisum Cardium pygmaeum Cardium quilonense Cardium riogramamense Cardium soldani Cardium spillmani Cardium strigilliferum Cardium subalternatum Cardium talahabense Cardium venustum Cardium verbeeki

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection), Djibouti (1), Egypt (1), Eritrea (2), Iceland (2), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (5), Morocco (4), Pakistan (1), Poland (11), South Africa (4), Spain (4), Taiwan (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (15), United States (3: Florida, South Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Egypt (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (1), Egypt (1), Greece (2), Iceland (2), Japan (2), the Marshall Islands (2), Mexico (1), Pakistan (3), Panama (2), Papua New Guinea (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (2), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (4: California, Florida, South Carolina), Vanuatu (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (4), Argentina (4), Austria (3), Brazil (6), Bulgaria (1), Chile (2), Cyprus (7), the Czech Republic (5), France (4), Georgia (4), Greece (3), Hungary (1), India (3), Indonesia (5), Iran (9), Israel (2), Italy (4), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Libya (2), Malta (1), the Marshall Islands (5), Mexico (1), Morocco (3), Panama (6), Poland (4), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (1), Somalia (5), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (7: California, Florida, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Haiti (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (3), Germany (1), Haiti (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Mexico (1), Romania (10), the Russian Federation (2), Somalia (1), United States (15: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Angola (3), Bulgaria (3), Colombia (3), Croatia (5), Egypt (1), France (7), Haiti (1), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Libya (1), the Netherlands Antilles (2), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (4), Peru (2), Romania (4), Saudi Arabia (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (23: California, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, South Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene of Austria (2), Belgium (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (1), Germany (1), Mexico (1), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), United States (17: Alabama, California, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (1), Canada (6: Alberta, British Columbia), Chile (2), France (16), Germany (4), Hungary (1), Iran (1), Israel (1), Italy (1), Jordan (2), Mexico (10), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (3), Peru (3), Poland (4), Portugal (4), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (16), Tanzania (2), Turkmenistan (1), USSR (3), United States (124: Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Ethiopia (1), France (3), Greenland (18), Hungary (1), Japan (1), Jordan (2), Lebanon (1), Portugal (1), Saudi Arabia (2), Somalia (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of China (2), Italy (2), the United Kingdom (1)

• Carboniferous of Ukraine (1)

• Ordovician of Estonia (1)

Total: 604 collections including 762 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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