Subfamily Cardiinae Lamarck 1809 (cockle)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Parent taxon: Eucardiids according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Chiesa et al. 1995, Dockery 1982, Freneix et al. 1988, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Schneider 2002, Squires 1984, Vokes 1980, Vokes 1984 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Cerastodermatinae, Clinocardiinae, Fraginae, Lymnocardiinae, Orthocardiinae, Profraginae, Trapezicardiinae, Tridacninae

Subtaxa: Bucardium Cardiini Cardium Chesacardium Criocardium Dinocardiini Dinocardium Ethmocardium Planicardium Rudicardium Schedocardia Septocardia Vepricardiini Vepricardium

View classification

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection), Belgium (1), Djibouti (1), Egypt (1), Eritrea (2), Iceland (2), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (3), the Marshall Islands (5), Morocco (4), Pakistan (1), the Philippines (1), Poland (11), South Africa (4), Spain (8), Taiwan (1), Thailand (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (16), United States (43: Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Egypt (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (1), Colombia (1), Egypt (1), Greece (2), Iceland (2), Indonesia (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (3), the Marshall Islands (2), Mexico (1), Pakistan (3), Panama (2), Papua New Guinea (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (2), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (23: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Vanuatu (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (4), Argentina (9), Austria (6), Brazil (6), Bulgaria (1), Chile (2), Colombia (1), Cyprus (7), the Czech Republic (5), Ecuador (7), France (4), Georgia (4), Germany (4), Greece (3), Hungary (1), India (3), Indonesia (5), Iran (9), Israel (2), Italy (4), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Libya (2), Malta (1), the Marshall Islands (5), Mexico (7), Morocco (4), Panama (15), Peru (1), Poland (4), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (1), Somalia (5), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (81: California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Haiti (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (3), Germany (1), Haiti (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Mexico (6), Pakistan (1), Romania (10), the Russian Federation (2), Somalia (1), United States (27: California, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Angola (3), Bulgaria (3), Colombia (5), Croatia (5), Egypt (1), France (9), Haiti (1), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Japan (1), Libya (1), the Netherlands Antilles (3), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (4), Panama (9), Peru (3), Romania (4), Saudi Arabia (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (31: Alabama, California, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, South Carolina, Texas), Venezuela (3)

• Paleocene of Austria (2), Belgium (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (1), Germany (1), Mexico (1), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), United States (17: Alabama, California, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (1), Canada (12: Alberta, British Columbia), Chile (4), France (16), Germany (4), Hungary (1), Iran (1), Israel (1), Italy (1), Jordan (2), Mexico (12), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (8), Peru (5), Poland (4), Portugal (4), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (16), Tanzania (2), Turkey (1), Turkmenistan (1), USSR (3), the United Kingdom (2), United States (142: Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Ethiopia (1), France (3), Greenland (18), Hungary (1), Japan (1), Jordan (2), Lebanon (1), Portugal (1), Saudi Arabia (2), Somalia (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of Argentina (6), Canada (3: British Columbia), Chile (1), China (2), Italy (2), Mexico (2), Peru (5), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (56: Alaska, Nevada, Oregon)

• Carboniferous of Ukraine (1)

• Ordovician of Estonia (1)

Total: 952 collections including 1132 occurrences

Show more details