Family Cichlidae Heckel 1840 (cichlid)

Actinopteri - Cichliformes - Cichlidae

Parent taxon: Cichliformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Carnevale et al. 2003, Jordan 1963, Lundberg 1997, Malabarba et al. 2010, Malabarba et al. 2006 and Otero et al. 2015

Sister taxa: none

Subtaxa: Gymnogeophagus Palaeochromis Priscacara Proterocara Pseudocrenilabrinae Tilapiini Tylochromis

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Type: Proterocara

Ecology: nektonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Congo-Kinshasa (5 collections), Egypt (1), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (1), Kenya (4), Tanzania (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (3), Kenya (3), Uganda (1)

• Pliocene of Colombia (1), Ethiopia (1), Kenya (4), Tanzania (2), Uganda (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Tanzania (1), Uganda (8)

• Miocene of Colombia (1), Italy (1), Kenya (5), Uganda (2)

• Oligocene of Kenya (1), Oman (1), Peru (1)

• Eocene of Argentina (1), Libya (1), Namibia (1), United States (2: Washington, Wyoming)

Total: 59 collections including 60 occurrences

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