Order Polypodiales Tryon and Tryon 1982 (ferns)

Pteridopsida - Polypodiales

Synonym: Filicales

Parent taxon: Polypodiopsida according to N. A. Jud 2011

See also Cladera et al. 2007, Hickey 1977, Lapasha and Miller 1985, MacGinitie 1941 and McLoughlin et al. 1995

Sister taxa: Achradosporis, Apiculatasporites, Apiculatisporites, Baculatisporites, Cicatricososporites, Cingulatisporites, Clavatisporites, Clavatriletes, Cyathidites, Cyclosorus, Deltoidospora, Echinatisporis, Foveasporis, Granulatisporites, Grapnelispora, Interlobulites, Ischyosporites, Kirchheimerisporites, Laevigatosporites, Leiotriletes, Marattisporites, Matonisporites, Monolites, Osmundacidites, Peromonolites, Pteridacidites, Scabramonoletes, Todisporites, Triletes, Tuberculatosporites, Waltzispora, Lygodioisporites, Reticuloidosporites, Monachosoraceae, Hymenophyllopsidaceae, Nephrolepidaceae, Davalliaceae, Thelypteridaceae, Hymenophyllaceae, Marsileales, Polypodiaceae, Ophioglossidae, Marattiidae, Trilites, Oleandraceae, Capsispora, Lophosoriaceae, Psilotidae, Grammitidaceae, Plagiogyriaceae, Cheiropleuriaceae, Crassoretitriletes, Polypodiaceoisporites, Lametatriletes, Magnastriatites, Lygodiidites, Ophioglossaceae, Kyrtomisporis, Marattiaceae, Lomariopsidaceae, Vittariaceae, Metaxyaceae, Concavissimisporites, Striatella, Osmundales, Onychiopsis, Salviniales, Schizaeales, Cladophlebis, Gleicheniales, Cyatheales, Polypodiidae, Tempskyaceae

Subtaxa: Acrostichopteris Aspidium Aspleniaceae Blechnaceae Davallia Dennstaedtiaceae Drynaria Dryopteridaceae Gleichenites Histiopteris Nephrolepis Polypodiisporites Pteridaceae Pteridium Pterisorus Pyrrosia Solenostelopteris Stramineopteris Tigrisporites

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Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (2 collections), Australia (44), the Bahamas (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (2), Panama (1), United States (4: Michigan, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Bolivia (1)

• Pliocene of Panama (4)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Bolivia (1), Japan (2), South Atlantic (2)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Australia (9), Costa Rica (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (8), Switzerland (3), United States (3: California, Montana, Nevada), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (7), Australia (4)

• Oligocene of Argentina (4), Australia (1), Puerto Rico (4), United States (2: Oregon)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Argentina (1), United States (4: Colorado)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (2)

• Eocene of Antarctica (6), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Colombia (25), Cuba (1), Peru (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (32: Alaska, Colorado, North Dakota, Texas, Washington, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of Argentina (1), Australia (5), Canada (8: Alberta, Saskatchewan), Colombia (11), United States (41: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming)

• Tertiary of Venezuela (1)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Antarctica (1)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (12), Argentina (6), Australia (4), Canada (10: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan), Chile (3), Egypt (11), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (12), Sudan (4), the United Kingdom (1), United States (28: Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, New Mexico, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of the Russian Federation (1)

• Jurassic of China (6), Japan (3), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Romania (1), the United Kingdom (2)

• Triassic of the Russian Federation (2), Tajikistan (1)

• Permian of Israel (4)

Total: 371 collections including 520 occurrences

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