Family Sciaenidae Cuvier 1928 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae

Alternative spelling: Sciaenoidei

Parent taxon: Percomorpharia according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Carnevale and Godfrey 2118, Danil'chenko 1960, Danil'chenko 1980, David 1943, Estes 1964, Estes and Berberian 1970, Frizzell and Dante 1965, Jordan 1963, Purdy et al. 2001, Szabo et al. 2017, Thurmond and Jones 1981 and Weems 1999

Sister taxa: Acanthuriformes, Acropomatidae, Caesionidae, Caproidae, Centrarchiformes, Centrogenyidae, Chaetodontidae, Cirrhitiformes, Emmelichthyidae, Enoplosidae, Ephippiformes, Epigonidae, Gerreidae, Haemulidae, Howellidae, Kuhliidae, Kyphosidae, Labriformes, Lateolabracidae, Leiognathidae, Lobotidae, Lophiiformes, Lutjanidae, Malacanthidae, Monodactylidae, Moronidae, Oplegnathidae, Pempheriformes, Percichthyidae, Perciformes, Polyprionidae, Pomacanthidae, Priacanthidae, Scatophagidae, Siganidae, Sillaginidae, Sinipercidae, Spariformes, Terapontidae, Tetraodontiformes, Uranoscopiformes

Subtaxa: Aplodinotus Argyrosomus Atractoscion Corvina Cynoscion Equetus Fisherichthys Genyonemus Jefitchia Larimus Leiostomus Lompochites Lompoquia Micropogonias Platacodon Pogonias Pristipoma Protosciaena Pseudoumbrina Sciaena Sciaenops Trewasciaena Umbrina

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Ecology: nektonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Brazil (2), France (1), United States (17: California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Colombia (1), Ecuador (1), Jamaica (1), United States (3: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (2: Florida)

• Miocene of Argentina (3), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Denmark (1), Germany (3), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (1), Panama (8), United States (21: California, Florida, Kansas, Maryland, Nebraska, North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene to Miocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), Hungary (2), United States (13: Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi)

• Eocene of Nigeria (2), United States (18: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Virginia)

• Tertiary of United States (1: Mississippi)

• Cretaceous of Canada (3: Alberta, Saskatchewan), Italy (10), United States (18: Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, South Dakota, Wyoming)

Total: 140 collections including 217 occurrences

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