Brachydectes newberryi Cope 1868 (amniote)

Osteichthyes - Recumbirostra - Molgophidae

Synonyms: Brachydectes elongatus Wellstead 1991, Cocytinus gyrinoides Cope 1871, Lysorophus tricarinatus Cope 1877, Molgophis wheatleyi Cope 1874, Pleuroptyx clavatus Cope 1875

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1868. Synopsis of the Extinct Batrachia of North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1868:208-221

Belongs to Brachydectes according to E. D. Cope 1869

See also Carroll et al. 1998, Cope 1877, Cope 1888, Daly 1973, Hay 1902, Pardo and Anderson 2016, Ruta et al. 2003 and Wellstead 1991

Sister taxon: Lysorophus dunkardensis

Type specimens:

  • Brachydectes newberryi: AMNH 6941 (designated by Hook (1983), a partial skull. Its type locality is Linton, which is in a Westphalian D mire/swamp coal in Ohio.
  • Brachydectes elongatus: UCLA VP 2802, a partial skeleton (almost complete skeleton). Its type locality is quarry southeast of University of Oklahoma, which is in a Leonard terrestrial siliciclastic in the Fairmont Shale Formation of Oklahoma.
  • Cocytinus gyrinoides: AMNH 6925, a partial skeleton.
  • Lysorophus tricarinatus: Its type locality is Danville Locality (Vertebrates), which is in a Missourian terrestrial horizon in the Bond Formation of Illinois.
  • Molgophis wheatleyi: AMNH 6897.
  • Pleuroptyx clavatus: AMNH 6838, a set of vertebrae. Its type locality is Linton, which is in a Westphalian D mire/swamp coal in Ohio.



• Leonard of United States (2: Oklahoma, Texas collections)

• Wolfcamp of United States (1: Kansas)

• Permian of United States (17: Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Virgilian of United States (1: West Virginia)

• Carboniferous of United States (3: Illinois, Ohio)

Total: 24 collections including 28 occurrences

Show more details

Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.