Subfamily Echimyinae Gray 1825 (spiny rat)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Echimyidae

Parent taxon: Echimyidae according to G. E. Iack-Ximenes et al. 2005

See also Patterson and Pascual 1968

Sister taxa: Adelphomyinae, Carterodon, Chaetomyinae, Clyomys, Dactylomyinae, Eumysops, Euryzygomatomys, Gaimanomys, Haplostropha, Heteropsomyinae, Maruchito, Myocastor, Quebradahondomys, Reigechimys, Thrichomys

Subtaxa: Callistomys Diplomys Echimys Isothrix Makalata Phyllomys

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Type: Echimys

Ecology: scansorial herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Brazil (1 collection), Panama (1), Venezuela (2)

Total: 4 collections each including a single occurrence

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