†subfamily Heteropsomyinae Anthony 1917 (spiny rat)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Echimyidae

Parent taxon: Echimyidae according to B. Patterson and A. E. Wood 1982

See also Patterson and Pascual 1968

Sister taxa: Adelphomyinae, Carterodon, Chaetomyinae, Clyomys, Dactylomyinae, Echimyinae, Eumysops, Euryzygomatomys, Gaimanomys, Haplostropha, Maruchito, Myocastor, Quebradahondomys, Reigechimys, Thrichomys

Subtaxa: Boromys Brotomys Cercomys Heteropsomys Hoplomys Lonchothrix Mesomys

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Type: Heteropsomys

Ecology: scansorial herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Brazil (1 collection), Cuba (2), the Dominican Republic (1), Peru (1), Puerto Rico (1)

• Miocene of Brazil (1), Chile (1)

• Eocene of China (1), Mongolia (1)

Total: 10 collections including 12 occurrences

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