Spiriferina (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferinida - Spiriferinidae

Alternative spelling: Spirifer (Spiriferina)

Parent taxon: Spiriferininae according to W. H. He and Z. Q. Chen 2016

See also Meek 1876, Sepkoski 2002 and Williams et al. 2006

Sister taxon: Calyptoria

Subtaxa: Spiriferina (Mansuyella) Spiriferina (Mentzelia) Spiriferina abichi Spiriferina alia Spiriferina betacalcis Spiriferina borealis Spiriferina cassiana Spiriferina coreyi Spiriferina elegantissima Spiriferina fortis Spiriferina homfrayi Spiriferina kiparisovae Spiriferina munsterii Spiriferina nicklesi Spiriferina panderi Spiriferina papillosa Spiriferina rostrata Spiriferina roundyi Spiriferina rupicola Spiriferina salomonensis Spiriferina slovenica Spiriferina subfragilis Spiriferina terebratuloides Spiriferina terzadica Spiriferina tornata Spiriferina toulai Spiriferina triplicata Spiriferina walcotti Spiriferina yukonensis

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Type: Spirifer walcotti

Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Jurassic of Algeria (2 collections), Argentina (2), Austria (1), Bulgaria (4), Canada (1: Yukon), Chile (33), East Timor (1), France (15), Germany (17), Greece (1), Greenland (11), Hungary (2), Luxembourg (1), New Zealand (11), Portugal (1), Serbia and Montenegro (3), Slovakia (3), Somalia (1), Spain (8), Switzerland (1), Tunisia (1), Turkey (3), the United Kingdom (2)

• Triassic of Canada (7: British Columbia), Chile (1), China (3), Colombia (1), East Timor (1), Hungary (5), India (2), Iran (1), Italy (7), Japan (1), New Zealand (6), Papua New Guinea (4), Poland (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (6), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (1), Thailand (1), Ukraine (1), the United Arab Emirates (3), United States (21: Alaska, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada)

• Permian of Greenland (3), Italy (2), Malaysia (1), Pakistan (35), the Russian Federation (1), United States (19: Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming)

• Osagean of United States (1: Kentucky)

• Carboniferous of United States (11: Alaska, Iowa, Kentucky, Montana, Nevada, Utah)

• Mississippian of United States (8: Alaska, Arizona)

• Silurian of China (1)

Total: 282 collections including 317 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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