†family Spiriferinidae Davidson 1884 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferinida - Spiriferinidae

Parent taxon: Spiriferinoidea according to W. H. He and Z. Q. Chen 2016

See also Brunton and Champion 1974, Hoare 1961 and Williams et al. 2006

Sister taxa: Mentzeliidae, Paralaballidae, Sinucostidae

Subtaxa: Jiangdaspiriferinae Qinghaispiriferininae Spiriferininae Triadispirinae

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Type: Spiriferina

Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Jurassic of Algeria (3 collections), Argentina (6), Austria (30), Bulgaria (9), Canada (1: Yukon), Chile (37), East Timor (1), France (51), Germany (19), Gibraltar (1), Greece (3), Greenland (11), Hungary (73), Italy (4), Luxembourg (1), New Zealand (17), Portugal (24), Saudi Arabia (13), Serbia and Montenegro (3), Slovakia (3), Somalia (1), Spain (139), Switzerland (1), Tunisia (1), Turkey (5), the United Kingdom (5), United States (2: Alaska)

• Triassic of Austria (10), Bosnia and Herzegovina (8), Canada (7: British Columbia), Chile (3), China (12), Colombia (1), East Timor (1), Hungary (16), India (2), Indonesia (7), Iran (1), Italy (13), Japan (1), New Zealand (12), Papua New Guinea (4), Poland (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (19), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (3), Slovenia (1), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (2), Thailand (1), Turkey (1), Ukraine (2), the United Arab Emirates (3), United States (21: Alaska, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada)

• Permian of Greenland (3), Guatemala (1), Iran (3), Italy (4), Laos (1), Malaysia (1), Pakistan (35), the Russian Federation (1), United States (19: Alaska, Arizona, California, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming)

• Carboniferous of India (1), United States (20: Alaska, Arizona, California, Iowa, Kentucky, Montana, Nevada, Utah)

• Silurian of China (1)

Total: 708 collections including 926 occurrences

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