Ophiomusium Lyman 1869 (brittle star)

Ophiuroidea - Ophiurida - Ophiolepididae

Full reference: T. Lyman. 1869. Preliminary report on the Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae dredged in deep water between Cuba and the Florida reef, by L.F. de Pourtales, Assist. U.S. Coast Survey. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University 1(10):309-354

Parent taxon: Ophiolepididae according to B. Thuy and A. Kroh 2011

See also Donovan et al. 2005, Jagt 2000, Matsumoto 1915, Sepkoski 2002, Spencer and Wright 1966 and Storc and Zitt 2008

Sister taxa: Aplocoma, Archaeophiomusium, Enakomusium, Eozonella, Mesophiomusium, Ophiolepis, Ophiomastinae, Ophiozonella

Subtaxa: Ophiomusium biconcavum Ophiomusium calloviense Ophiomusium dizluense Ophiomusium eburneum Ophiomusium ferrugineum Ophiomusium fitchii Ophiomusium gagnebini Ophiomusium granulosum Ophiomusium leckenbyi Ophiomusium longecombense Ophiomusium lux Ophiomusium mammillatum Ophiomusium murravii Ophiomusium praecisum Ophiomusium ramsayi Ophiomusium rugosum Ophiomusium sentum Ophiomusium sinemurensis Ophiomusium sinuatum Ophiomusium solodurense Ophiomusium vermiculatum Ophiomusium weymouthiense

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Type: Ophiomusium eburneum

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore-detritivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of Chile (1 collection), Jamaica (1)

• Oligocene of Germany (1)

• Paleocene of Denmark (1), United States (2: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of the Netherlands (1), Poland (1)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (11), the Czech Republic (3), Denmark (1), France (5), Germany (3), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (4), the United Kingdom (2)

• Jurassic of France (6), Germany (2), Luxembourg (1), Switzerland (11), the United Kingdom (5)

• Triassic of Iran (1)

Total: 64 collections including 80 occurrences

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