Phyllacanthus Brandt (pencil urchin)

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Parent taxon: Cidarinae according to S. K. Donovan 1993

See also Fell 1966 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Alpicidaris, Balanocidaris, Cyathocidaris, Eucidaris, Leiocidaris, Stylocidaris

Subtaxa: Phyllacanthus clarkei Phyllacanthus leoni

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal grazer-omnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of Fiji (2 collections)

• Miocene of Australia (1), Brazil (4), Cuba (1), Egypt (1), Fiji (10), Indonesia (2), New Zealand (9)

• Eocene of United States (4: Florida, North Carolina)

• Cretaceous of Jamaica (3), Portugal (6)

Total: 43 collections including 44 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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