Clade Cidarinae Gray 1825 (pencil urchin)

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Alternative spelling: Cidarina

Parent taxon: Cidaridae according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Donovan 1993, Fell 1966, Mortensen 1928 and Smith 2009

Sister taxa: Cidarini, Cidaris, Prionocidaris, Rhabdocidarinae, Stereocidarinae, Triassicidaris

Subtaxa: Alpicidaris Balanocidaris Cyathocidaris Eucidaris Leiocidaris Phyllacanthus Stylocidaris

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Type: Cidaris

Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal grazer-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Ecuador (2 collections), Jamaica (1), Mexico (9)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Fiji (2), Portugal (1), United States (2: Florida)

• Miocene of Australia (1), Austria (2), Brazil (4), Cuba (1), Egypt (1), Fiji (11), Germany (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Malta (1), New Zealand (9), Ukraine (1)

• Eocene of Egypt (1), New Zealand (9), United States (4: Florida, North Carolina)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (2), France (1), Hungary (3), Jamaica (3), Portugal (6), Spain (6)

• Jurassic of Algeria (1), France (2), Germany (1), Portugal (3)

• Triassic of Italy (11)

Total: 106 collections including 113 occurrences

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