†suborder Phymosomatoida Mortensen 1904 (sea urchin)

Echinoidea - Calycina

Alternative spelling: Phymosomina

Full reference: T. Mortensen. 1904. The Danish Expedition to Siam 1899–1900. III. Echinoidea (1). Kongelige Danske Videnskabelige Selskabs, Skrifter 7(1):1-124

Parent taxon: Calycina according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Fell and Pawson 1966, Linder et al. 1988, Manso and Andrade 2008, Sepkoski 2002, Smith 1991 and Smith 1995

Sister taxa: Salenioida, Salenocidaris

Subtaxa: Boletechinus Cottaldia Cotteaudia Diplopodiidae Dixieus Echinocyphus Emiratiidae Gauthiosoma Heterodiadematidae Leioechinus Murravechinus Phymosomatidae Polydiadematidae Trochotiara Zeugopleurus

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal omnivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of Australia (1 collection), Cuba (1)

• Oligocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Eocene of Cuba (1), Germany (1), Italy (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Paleocene of Argentina (2), Denmark (3), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), Nigeria (2), United States (3: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of the Netherlands (2)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (34), Brazil (12), Bulgaria (1), Cuba (1), Egypt (24), France (23), Germany (2), Hungary (2), Israel (1), Kazakhstan (2), Mexico (1), Mozambique (1), the Netherlands (20), Portugal (15), Spain (12), Switzerland (6), USSR (1), the United Arab Emirates (2), the United Kingdom (9), United States (8: Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of China (1)

• Jurassic of France (1), Luxembourg (1), Poland (10), Saudi Arabia (17), the United Kingdom (4)

Total: 236 collections including 302 occurrences

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