†family Phymosomatidae Pomel 1883 (sea urchin)

Echinoidea - Calycina - Phymosomatidae

Full reference: A. Pomel. 1883. Classification méthodique des échinides vivants et fossiles. Adolphe Jourdan, Alger 1-131

Parent taxon: Phymosomatoida according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Fell and Pawson 1966, Geys 1980, Geys 1982, Geys and Jagt 1986, Linder et al. 1988, Manso and Andrade 2008, Smith 1991, Smith 1995 and Wagner 1972

Sister taxa: Boletechinus, Cottaldia, Cotteaudia, Diplopodiidae, Dixieus, Echinocyphus, Emiratiidae, Gauthiosoma, Heterodiadematidae, Leioechinus, Murravechinus, Polydiadematidae, Trochotiara, Zeugopleurus

Subtaxa: Acanthechinus Actinophyma Aeolopneustes Cosmocyphus Gauthieria Glyptocidaris Glyptocyphus Hemithylus Jacquiertia Lambertechinus Leptechinus Micropsis Narindechinus Phymosoma Pleurodiadema Plistophyma Polyplacidia Porosoma Rachiosoma Thylechinus Winkleria

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Type: Phymosoma

Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal omnivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of Cuba (1 collection)

• Oligocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Eocene of Cuba (1), Germany (1), Italy (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Paleocene of Argentina (2), Denmark (3), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), Nigeria (2), United States (3: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of the Netherlands (2)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (34), Brazil (10), Bulgaria (1), Cuba (1), Egypt (24), France (17), Germany (2), Hungary (2), Israel (1), Kazakhstan (2), Mexico (1), Mozambique (1), the Netherlands (20), Portugal (1), Spain (12), Switzerland (5), USSR (1), the United Arab Emirates (2), the United Kingdom (6), United States (8: Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of France (1), Poland (3)

Total: 177 collections including 221 occurrences

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