Pericosmus Agassiz 1847 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Paleopneustidae

Synonym: Megalaster Duncan 1877

Parent taxon: Paleopneustidae according to R. A. Henderson 1975

See also Durham 1961, Fischer 1966, Ragaini 1994 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxon: Paleopneustes

Subtaxa: Pericosmus (Pericosmus) Pericosmus (Victoriaster) Pericosmus altus Pericosmus annosus Pericosmus artemisae Pericosmus borraeus Pericosmus crawfordi Pericosmus israelskyi Pericosmus latus Pericosmus roigi Pericosmus scaevus Pericosmus valenzuelai Pericosmus zanolettii

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Type: Pericosmus latus

Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of Australia (1 collection), Austria (1), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (3), Egypt (1), Indonesia (3), Italy (3), New Zealand (6)

• Whaingaroan of New Zealand (2)

• Eocene of Cuba (1), New Zealand (1)

• Paleocene of United States (1: California)

Total: 24 collections including 27 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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