†order Axinellida Bergquist 1967 (demosponge)

Demospongea - Axinellida

Parent taxon: Tetractinomorpha according to R. M. Finks et al. 2004

Sister taxa: Alpinothalamiidae, Belemnospongia, Criccospongiidae, Hadromerida, Spirophorida, Streptosclerophorida

Subtaxa: Actinofungia Actinostromarianinidae Actinostromariidae Adriatella Astrosclerida Axiotubullina Ceraostroma Ceratoporellidae Circopora Cladocoropsidae Coenostella Cylicoopsis Desmopora Disparistromaria Ellipsactinia Heftastylis Lamellata Lithopora Megastroma Milleporella Milleporellidae Milleporidium Myrioporina Neuroporidae Pamirostroma Pantokratoria Paratubuliella Parksia Reticullina Siphostroma Sobralispongia Sphaeractinia Sporadoporidium Steinerella Stromatoaxinellia Stromatoporellata Stromatoporellina Stromatoporina Stromatorhiza Stromatostroma Syringostrominidae Tosastroma Tubuliella Xizangstromatopora Zlambachella

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder-photosymbiotic

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Cayman Islands (1 collection)

• Paleocene of Austria (1)

• Cretaceous of Algeria (1), Austria (1), Bulgaria (2), Canada (1: Nova Scotia), Egypt (3), France (20), Georgia (1), Germany (4), Hungary (1), Mexico (1), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Slovenia (1), Spain (1), Switzerland (3), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Austria (2), China (1), Japan (3)

• Jurassic of Algeria (3), Austria (4), Canada (1: Nova Scotia), China (5), Croatia (7), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (6), France (7), Germany (4), Greece (2), India (4), Indonesia (9), Iran (2), Israel (1), Italy (2), Japan (2), Lebanon (1), Mexico (1), Oman (1), Peru (1), Poland (3), Portugal (41), Romania (5), Saudi Arabia (2), Serbia and Montenegro (8), Slovenia (19), Somalia (11), Spain (1), Thailand (2), Ukraine (1), Yemen (3)

• Triassic of Austria (6), China (1), Greece (1), Hungary (2), India (2), Iran (1), Italy (12), Japan (1), Oman (1), the Russian Federation (2), Slovenia (3), Tajikistan (1), Turkey (1), the United Arab Emirates (1)

• Permian of China (3), Tunisia (3)

Total: 253 collections including 465 occurrences

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