Myliobatis Cuvier 1816 (eagle ray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae

Alternative spelling: Myliobatus

Synonyms: Holorhinus Gill 1862, Myliobates Schinz 1822, Palaeomyliobatis Silva et al. 1960, Rhizochlatrus Silva et al. 1960

Parent taxon: Myliobatidae according to A. K. Hastings and A. C. Dooley 2017

See also Alessandri 1896, Ameghino 1901, Arambourg and Joleaud 1943, Bohm 1926, Cappetta 1987, Case 1981, Cassier 1966, Cvancara and Hoganson 1993, Eastman 1904, Gill 1894, Herman 1975, Jaekel 1894, Jonet 1968, Jordan 1907, Jordan 1963, Jordan and Gilbert 1919, Kumar and Loyal 1987, Lancaster 1986, Leriche 1942, Mane et al. 2003, Sepkoski 2002, Silva et al. 2002, Szabo et al. 2017, Tabuce et al. 2005, Vicens and Rodríguez-Perea 2003, White 1926 and Woodward 1889

Sister taxa: Aetobatinae, Aetobatus, Aetomylaeus, Apocopodon, Ceratopterina, Garabatis, Igdabatis, Leidybatis, Myliobatina, Myliobatinae, Plinthicus, Promyliobatis, Pseudohypolophus, Pteromylaeus

Subtaxa: Myliobates americanus Myliobates bisulcus Myliobates brongniarti Myliobates dixoni Myliobates goniopleurus Myliobates gyratus Myliobates heteropleurus Myliobates jugalis Myliobates micropleurus Myliobates nitidus Myliobates punctatus Myliobates regley Myliobates saturalis Myliobates stokesii Myliobatis aquila Myliobatis bothriodon Myliobatis dixoni Myliobatis fastigiatus Myliobatis faujasi Myliobatis frangens Myliobatis gigas Myliobatis holmesii Myliobatis intermedius Myliobatis jugosus Myliobatis latidens Myliobatis magister Myliobatis merriami Myliobatis nzadinensis Myliobatis oligocaena Myliobatis pachyodon Myliobatis raouxi Myliobatis striatus Myliobatis sulcidens Myliobatis toliapicus Myliobatis vicomicanus

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of France (1 collection), South Africa (1), United States (10: California, Florida, Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Australia (4), Italy (1), Libya (1), Mexico (1), Spain (1), United States (2: California, Florida)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Australia (1), Austria (2), Brazil (2), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (1), India (6), Italy (1), Japan (4), Madagascar (1), Mexico (2), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (7), Peru (8), Poland (2), Portugal (3), Saudi Arabia (2), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sri Lanka (2), United States (19: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of Australia (2), France (1), Germany (3), Hungary (1), Japan (1), Pakistan (5), United States (3: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (2), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Egypt (20), France (1), Germany (1), India (6), Italy (1), Jordan (1), Libya (2), Morocco (2), Namibia (1), Niger (1), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Togo (1), the United Kingdom (12), United States (22: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uzbekistan (3), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene to Eocene of India (1)

• Paleocene of Brazil (1), France (1), Morocco (1), Nigeria (2), Saudi Arabia (10), United States (9: Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Tertiary of United States (2: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Niger (1), United States (4: Maryland, North Dakota)

Total: 240 collections including 297 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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