Family Myliobatidae Bonaparte 1838 (eagle ray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae

Parent taxon: Myliobatiformes according to B. W. Kent 2018

See also Ameghino 1901, Andrews 1906, Buchanan et al. 2007, Cappetta 1987, Carnevale et al. 2014, Case 1979, Case 1981, Case and Schwimmer 1988, Cassier 1966, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Cvancara and Hoganson 1993, Eastman 1904, Herman 1975, Jonet 1968, Jordan 1963, Kriwet et al. 2007, Kumar and Loyal 1987, Leriche 1942, Purdy et al. 2001, Silva et al. 2002, Szabo et al. 2017, Tabuce et al. 2005, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Underwood 2006, Woodward 1889 and Woodward 1916

Sister taxa: Acanthobatis, Bates, Ceratopteridae, Dasyatidae, Dasyatoidea, Eomanta, Gymnuridae, Mobulidae, Mobuloidea, Myliobatoidea, Platyrhinidae, Potamotrygonidae, Ptychacanthus, Rhinopteridae, Texabatis, Turoniabatis, Urolophidae

Subtaxa: Aetobatinae Aetobatus Aetomylaeus Apocopodon Ceratopterina Garabatis Igdabatis Leidybatis Myliobatina Myliobatinae Myliobatis Plinthicus Promyliobatis Pseudohypolophus Pteromylaeus

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of France (1 collection), South Africa (1), United States (15: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Australia (4), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Italy (1), Libya (1), Mexico (1), Spain (1), United States (3: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Australia (1), Austria (4), Brazil (3), Colombia (2), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (2), Egypt (1), France (6), Germany (1), India (7), Italy (1), Japan (5), Madagascar (1), Mexico (3), the Netherlands (2), Pakistan (1), Panama (12), Peru (9), Poland (2), Portugal (4), Saudi Arabia (2), Slovakia (3), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sri Lanka (2), United States (29: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (3)

• Oligocene of Australia (2), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (3), Hungary (1), Japan (1), Oman (1), Pakistan (5), United States (4: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (2), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Egypt (24), France (1), Germany (1), India (6), Italy (3), Jordan (1), Libya (2), Morocco (2), Namibia (1), Niger (1), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Spain (1), Togo (1), the United Kingdom (14), United States (26: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uzbekistan (3), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Denmark (1), India (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

• Paleocene of Brazil (1), France (1), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (2), Saudi Arabia (10), United States (9: Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Tertiary of United States (2: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (2), India (7), Jordan (1), Niger (2), Spain (3), United States (15: Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Montana, New Jersey, North Dakota, Texas, Utah)

Total: 330 collections including 502 occurrences

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