Order Osteoglossiformes Berg 1940 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Osteoglossiformes

Parent taxon: Osteoglossomorpha according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Bannikov 2014, Guo-Qing and Grande 1997, Long 2011, Nelson 2006, Newbrey and Bozek 2000, Sepkoski 2002, Thurmond and Jones 1981 and Weems 1999

Sister taxa: Chandlerichthys, Hiodontiformes, Joffrichthys, Shuleichthys

Subtaxa: Arapaimidae Foreyichthyidae Gymnarchidae Lopadichthys Lycopteridae Monopteros Mormyridae Notopteridae Opsithrissops Osteoglossidae Pantodontidae Saurocephalidae Tongxinichthys Wakinoichthiidae Wilsonichthys Xixiaichthys

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Congo-Kinshasa (1 collection), Ethiopia (1), Kenya (7), Niger (2), Saudi Arabia (1), Sudan (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Kenya (4)

• Pliocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (5), Uganda (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Kenya (2), Uganda (9)

• Miocene of Brazil (1), Chad (1), Colombia (1), Kenya (1), Uganda (2)

• Oligocene of Kenya (1), Oman (2)

• Eocene of India (1), Italy (1), Libya (3), Pakistan (2), Tanzania (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (14: Alabama, Louisiana, Maryland , Mississippi, Texas, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Paleocene to Eocene of India (1)

• Paleocene of Bolivia (1), Canada (3: Alberta), Denmark (2), India (1), Mexico (1)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Bolivia (1)

• Cretaceous of Bolivia (1), Brazil (1), Canada (6: Alberta), China (3), France (1), India (5), Japan (5), Morocco (1), South Korea (1), Spain (1), Sudan (1), United States (2: Montana)

• Jurassic of Morocco (1)

Total: 107 collections including 125 occurrences

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