Actinopteri - Ophidiiformes - Ophidioidae
Parent taxon: Carapidae according to W. Schwarzhans 2007
See also Frizzell and Dante 1965, Girone et al. 2006, Nolf and Steurbaut 1983, Sepkoski 2002 and Stringer 1998
Sister taxa: Echiodon, Encheliophis, Fierasferoides, Onuxodon
Subtaxa: Carapus lisus Carapus smithvillensis
Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore-parasite
• Quaternary of Italy (3 collections), United States (1: Louisiana)
• Pliocene of Jamaica (1)
• Miocene of Italy (3)
• Eocene of France (2), Germany (1), United States (3: Texas)
Total: 14 collections including 15 occurrences
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