†family Carapidae Jordan and Fowler 1902 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Ophidiiformes - Ophidioidae

Parent taxon: Carapoidae according to D. L. Frizzell and J. H. Dante 1965

See also Schwarzhans and Bratischko 2011

Sister taxa: none

Subtaxa: Carapus Echiodon Encheliophis Fierasferoides Onuxodon

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore-parasite

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (4 collections), United States (1: Louisiana)

• Pliocene of Jamaica (1)

• Miocene of Italy (3)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), Hungary (2)

• Eocene of France (3), Germany (1), United States (4: Louisiana, Texas)

• Paleocene of Ukraine (1)

Total: 21 collections including 31 occurrences

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