†subfamily Canthardinae Gray 1857 (top snail)

Gastropoda - Trochoidea - Trochidae

Parent taxon: Trochidae according to D. G. Herbert 2015

Sister taxa: Aaleniella, Anticonulus, Antisolarium, Buckmanina, Calliostomatinae, Chlorostoma, Chuelskia, Cirsostylus, Cittarium, Cochleochilus, Coeloconulus, Coralastele, Enida, Eocalliostoma, Eucyclinae, Francisciconcha, Gena, Granulifera, Halistylinae, Hybochelus, Karabolkia, Lirulariinae, Lithotrochus, Livona, Margarella, Margaritinae, Microgaza, Monodontinae, Norrisia, Parvitomella, Phorcus, Prothalotia, Serratotrochus, Solariconulus, Solariellinae, Stelzneria, Stomatellinae, Suavotrochus, Synaptocochlea, Thalotia, Trochaclididae, Trochaclis, Trochinae, Trochotectus, Trochus, Turcicula, Umboniinae, Vacekia, Eostomias, Stomatiinae

Subtaxa: Calliotrochus Gibbula Jujubinus Oxystele Priotrochus

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Ecology: epifaunal grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), France (2), Greece (1), Italy (4), Morocco (4), the Netherlands (5), Portugal (15), South Africa (9), Spain (5), the United Kingdom (13), United States (1: Hawaii), Vanuatu (1), Yemen (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of South Africa (2)

• Pliocene of Cyprus (1), Greece (1), Iceland (1), Italy (5), South Africa (5), Spain (6), the United Kingdom (3)

• Miocene of Argentina (4), Austria (12), Chile (5), Croatia (1), France (2), Hungary (1), Indonesia (8), Iran (2), Italy (3), the Marshall Islands (1), Poland (8), Romania (1), Slovakia (3), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Turkey (2), Ukraine (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Austria (2), France (22), Germany (1), Greece (2), Hungary (1), Iran (1), Italy (1)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of Argentina (1), France (3), the Russian Federation (1)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Denmark (1), France (1), Greenland (1), United States (2: Maryland, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Poland (3), Sweden (1), the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 190 collections including 325 occurrences

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