Family Kinosternidae Hay 1892 (mud turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Kinosternoidea

Full reference: O. P. Hay. 1892. The batrachians and reptiles of the State of Indiana. Annual Report of the Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources 17:409-602

Parent taxon: Kinosternoidea according to W. G. Joyce and J. R. Bourque 2016

See also Frank and Ramus 1996, Gaffney 1975, Kuhn 1966 and van Dijk et al. 2014

Sister taxa: Aromochelys, Cinosternum, Pandermatemys

Subtaxa: Baltemys Kinosterninae Staurotypinae Staurotypus Xenochelys Yelmochelys

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Ecology: aquatic durophage-piscivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Colombia (1 collection), Ecuador (1), El Salvador (1), Mexico (2), United States (13: Florida, Georgia, Kansas, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas)

• Blancan of Mexico (3), United States (8: Arizona, Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico)

• Hemphillian of United States (6: Florida, Nebraska, Tennessee)

• Miocene of Panama (1), United States (10: Delaware, Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Florida)

• Eocene of Canada (1: Northwest Territories), United States (45: Colorado, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

• Cretaceous of Mexico (5)

Total: 98 collections including 103 occurrences

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