Orcinus Fitzinger 1860 (killer whale)

Mammalia - Delphinoidea - Delphinidae

Invalid subtaxa: Gladiator Gray 1870, Ophesia Gray 1868, Ophysia Gray 1868, Orca Gray 1846 [replaced name], Orca (Gladiator) Gray 1870, Orca (Ophysia) Gray 1868, Phocaena (Orca) Gray 1846 [replaced name]

Full reference: L. J. Fitzinger. 1860. Wissenschaftlich-populäre Naturgeschichte der Säugethiere in ihren sämmtlichen Hauptformen. Nebst einer Einleitung in die Naturgeschichte überhaupt und in die Lehre von den Thieren insbesondere. VI. Band

Parent taxon: Delphinidae according to M. Murakami et al. 2014

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Aguirre-Fernández et al. 2009, Ameghino 1889, Benton 1993, Bianucci 2005, Buchholtz and Schur 2004, Carroll 1988, Cope 1890, Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott 1951, Flower 1867, Fordyce and de Muizon 2001, Fordyce and Roberts 2009, Fraser and Purves 1960, Geisler et al. 2011, Gill 1871, Gill 1872, Gray 1846, Gray 1846, Gray 1850, Gray 1863, Gray 1864, Gray 1866, Gray 1868, Gray 1870, Gray 1870, Gray 1871, Hershkovitz 1966, Heyning and Dahleim 1988, Kasuya 1973, Kellogg 1928, LeDuc et al. 1999, Lydekker 1887, McKenna and Bell 1997, Mead and Brownell 2005, Newton 1891, Palmer 1904, Perrin et al. 2013, Pilleri 1987, Pilleri 1988, Rice 1998, Scammon and Cope 1869, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Sepkoski 2002, Simpson 1945, Trouessart 1904, Turner 1912, Vidal 1991, Weber 1928 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Arimidelphis, Australodelphis, Catodontina, Delphininae, Delphinus boryi, Delphinus chilensis, Delphinus leucocephalus, Delphinus maculatus, Delphinus malayanus, Delphinus rhinoceros, Eodelphinus, Globicephalinae, Hemisyntrachelus, Lagenorhynchina, Leucopleurus, Lissodelphininae, Monoceratina, Orcaellinae, Orcina, Orcininae, Sagmatias, Sotalia, Steninae, Steno, Steno cudmorei, Stenonina, Stenoninae, Trispondylus, Tursiops miocaenus

Subtaxa: Orcinus citoniensis Orcinus meyeri Orcinus orca Orcinus paleorca

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Ecology: aquatic piscivore-carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (2 collections), Brazil (1), Chile (1), Denmark (5), Greenland (1), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (7), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (2), South Africa (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Tanzania (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (2: Alaska, Florida)

• Pliocene of Italy (1), Japan (1), New Zealand (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of the Netherlands (1)

Total: 37 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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