Varanus Merrem 1820 (monitor lizard)

Reptilia - Squamata - Varanidae

Synonyms: Iberovaranus Hoffstetter 1969, Megalania Owen 1859, Notiosaurus Owen 1884

Parent taxon: Varanidae according to M. S. Y. Lee and M. W. Caldwell 2000

See also Alifanov 1993, Carroll 1988, Clos 1995, Delfino et al. 2013, Estes 1983, Estes et al. 1988, Frank and Ramus 1996, Head et al. 2009, Hoffstetter 1969 and Ivanov et al. 2017

Sister taxa: Cherminotus, Lanthanotus, Saniwides, Telmasaurus

Subtaxa: Iberovaranus catalaunicus Varanus (Varaneades) Varanus acanthurus Varanus albigularis Varanus baritji Varanus beccarii Varanus bengalensis Varanus bogerti Varanus brevicauda Varanus caudolineatus Varanus doreanus Varanus dumerili Varanus eremius Varanus exanthematicus Varanus gilleni Varanus griseus Varanus hoffmanni Varanus komodoensis Varanus mokrensis Varanus niloticus Varanus olivaceus Varanus prasinus Varanus prisca Varanus rusingensis Varanus salvadorii Varanus salvator Varanus tristis Varanus varius

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Ecology: scansorial carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (15 collections), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Eritrea (2), Indonesia (1), Kenya (2), New Caledonia (2), Niger (1), Northern Mariana Islands (2), the Philippines (2), South Africa (3), Sudan (5), Thailand (2), Zambia (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Uganda (1)

• Pliocene of Greece (1), Hungary (1), Spain (1), Turkey (1), Ukraine (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Uganda (1)

• Miocene of Chad (1), China (1), the Czech Republic (1), France (1), Germany (2), Greece (3), Hungary (1), India (1), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (2), Namibia (1), Pakistan (1), Spain (2), Turkey (1)

Total: 70 collections including 72 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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