Family Aniliidae Fitzinger 1826 (pipe snake)

Reptilia - Squamata - Aniliidae

Alternative spelling: Aniellidae

Parent taxon: Alethinophidia according to N. Vidal and S. B. Hedges 2002

See also Augé and Rage 2006, Böhme 2008, Carroll 1988, Cope 1871, Cope 1875, Estes 1964, Estes and Berberian 1970, Frank and Ramus 1996, Gardner and Cifelli 1999, Head 2005, Hecht and LaDuke 1997, Kuhn 1966, McGrew et al. 1959 and Nydam 2002

Sister taxa: Acrochordoidea, Anilioidea, Cerberophis, Coniophis, Cylindrophiidae, Henophidia, Itaboraiophis, Macrostomata, Nigerophiidae, Palaeophiidae, Paulacoutophis, Simoliopheoidea, Tuscahomaophis

Subtaxa: Anilioides Colombophis Eoanilius Hoffstetterella Michauxophis

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Ecology: fossorial carnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of France (1 collection)

• Miocene of Brazil (2), Colombia (14), Germany (4), Italy (1), Spain (1), United States (2: Florida, Texas), Venezuela (1)

• Harrisonian of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), France (4), Germany (6), United States (3: Nebraska, Wyoming)

• Eocene of France (7), Germany (1)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Brazil (1)

• Paleocene of Bolivia (1)

• Cretaceous of Canada (1: Alberta), Sudan (1)

Total: 53 collections including 56 occurrences

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