†family Pliosauridae Seeley 1874 (plesiosaur)

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Pliosauridae

Parent taxon: Plesiosauria according to R. B. J. Benson and P. S. Druckenmiller 2014

See also Andrews 1913, Araujo et al. 2008, Bardet et al. 1991, Benson et al. 2012, Benson et al. 2013, Brown 1981, Carroll 1988, Cau and Fanti 2014, Cruickshank 1994, Cruickshank 1994, Cruickshank 1996, Cruickshank 1997, Delair 1960, Gasparini 1997, Gasparini and Spaletti 1993, Ketchum and Benson 2010, Ketchum and Benson 2011, Kuhn 1946, O'Keefe 2001, Persson 1963, Schumacher and Everhart 2005, Tarlo 1960, Welles 1943, Welles 1962, White 1940, Williston 1903 and Williston 1903

Sister taxa: Aptychodon, Aptychodon cretaceus, Bathyspondylus, Cimoliasaurus lissaensis, Cimoliasaurus teplicensis, Cimoliosaurus nazarowi, Discosaurus planior, Discosaurus vetustus, Elasmosaurus intermedius, Elasmosaurus orientalis, Embaphias, Embaphias circulosus, Eoplesiosaurus, Eretmosaurus, Gymocetus, Hexatarsostinus, Hunosaurus fasseli, Iserosaurus littoralis, Lutkesaurus, Mauisaurus brachiolatus, Muraenosauridae, Namuncurania, Neoplesiosauria, Nothosaurops, Oligosimus grandaevus, Orophosaurus, Orophosaurus pauciporus, Peloneustes kanzleri, Piptomerus hexagonus, Piptomerus megaloporus, Piptomerus microporus, Piratosaurus plicatus, Plesiosauroidea, Plesiosaurus affinis, Plesiosaurus australis, Plesiosaurus balticus, Plesiosaurus bernardi, Plesiosaurus brachistospondylus, Plesiosaurus brevifemur, Plesiosaurus brevis, Plesiosaurus continuus, Plesiosaurus cycnodeirus, Plesiosaurus degenhardti, Plesiosaurus ellipsospondylus, Plesiosaurus euryspondylus, Plesiosaurus gouldii, Plesiosaurus hexagonalis, Plesiosaurus infraplanus, Plesiosaurus latispinus, Plesiosaurus levis, Plesiosaurus lockwoodii, Plesiosaurus megapleuron, Plesiosaurus microdeirus, Plesiosaurus mudgei, Plesiosaurus neocomiensis, Plesiosaurus nordmanni, Plesiosaurus ophiodeirus, Plesiosaurus pachyomus, Plesiosaurus phillipsi, Plesiosaurus planispondylus, Plesiosaurus planus, Plesiosaurus planus trigonalis, Plesiosaurus platydeirus, Plesiosaurus poecilospondylus, Plesiosaurus shirleyensis, Plesiosaurus subdepressus, Plesiosaurus traversii, Plesiosaurus truncatus, Plesiosaurus validus, Plesiosaurus winspitensis, Pliosauroidea, Pliosaurus planus, Polycotylus donicus, Polycotylus epigurgitis, Polycotylus orientalis, Polycotylus tenuis, Polycotylus ultimus, Polyptychodon, Polyptychodon neocomiensis, Rhaeticosaurus, Rhomaleosauridae, Scarrisaurus, Stereosaurus cratynotus, Stereosaurus platyomus, Stereosaurus stenomus, Stratesaurus, Sulmosaurus, Taphrosaurus, Tremamesacleididae, Uronautes, Uronautes cetiformis

Subtaxa: Arminisaurus Attenborosaurus Cryonectes Hauffiosaurus Marmornectes Megalneusaurus Pachycostasaurus Pliosaurus aequalis Pliosaurus evansi Polyptchodon Simolestinae Sinopliosaurus Stenorhynchosaurus Strongylokrotaphus Thalassiodracon Thalassophonea

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Type: Makhaira

Ecology: aquatic carnivore

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Argentina (1 collection), Australia (5), Canada (3: British Columbia, Saskatchewan), Chile (1), China (1), Colombia (3), the Czech Republic (1), France (2), Italy (1), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), the Russian Federation (4), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (11: Colorado, Kansas, Texas, Utah)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of the United Kingdom (1)

• Jurassic of Argentina (5), China (3), Cuba (1), France (12), Germany (4), India (2), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (1), Mexico (5), Norway (2), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (71), United States (1: Wyoming)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (3)

Total: 156 collections including 183 occurrences

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