Family Strigidae Vigors 1825 (true owl)

Aves - Strigiformes - Strigidae

Parent taxon: Strigiformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Alcover 1989, Carroll 1988, Guthrie 1992, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Olson 1985, Olson and James 1982, Olson and James 1991, Parmalee 1992 and Walker and Dyke 2006

Sister taxa: Bubonidae, Heterostrigidae, Ogygoptyngidae, Protostrigidae, Sophiornithidae, Tytonidae

Subtaxa: Aegolius Asio Athene Bubo Ciccaba Glaucidium Grallistrix Ketupa Margarobyas Mascarenotus Megascops Micrathene Necrobyas Ninox Oraristrix Ornimegalonyx Otus Sceloglaux Speotyto Strigogyps Strix Surnia

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Ecology: volant carnivore-insectivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antigua and Barbuda (1 collection), the Bahamas (6), Bermuda (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Cuba (3), the Dominican Republic (2), Ecuador (1), Falkland Islands (Malvinas) (1), France (1), Greece (19), Hungary (3), Indonesia (2), Italy (8), Jamaica (1), Japan (3), Madagascar (3), Malaysia (5), Mauritius (7), Mexico (1), Monaco (1), New Caledonia (4), New Zealand (6), Papua New Guinea (2), Peru (1), the Philippines (1), Portugal (4), Reunion (4), the Russian Federation (3), South Africa (1), Spain (4), Sudan (1), Tanzania (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (71: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Maryland, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming), Venezuela (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1), Italy (2)

• Pliocene of Hungary (2), Morocco (1), Spain (1), Tanzania (2), Ukraine (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ukraine (1)

• Miocene of Hungary (1), Italy (1), Kenya (2), Ukraine (1), United States (1: South Dakota)

• Eocene of Germany (1)

Total: 198 collections including 302 occurrences

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