Family Picidae Vigors 1825 (woodpecker)

Aves - Piciformes - Picidae

Parent taxon: Piciformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Brunet 1970, Carroll 1988, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007 and Parmalee 1992

Sister taxa: Pici, Ramphastidae

Subtaxa: Campephilus Colaptes Dendrocopos Dryocopus Homalopus Jynginae Jynx Melanerpes Nesoctites Palaeopicus Picinae Picoides Picumnus Picus Pliopicus Sapheopipo Sphyrapicus Uintornis Xiphidiopicus

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Ecology: volant insectivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), the Bahamas (5), Bermuda (7), the Dominican Republic (2), Greece (2), Haiti (1), Hungary (1), Italy (5), Japan (1), Romania (1), Spain (2), United States (34: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1)

• Miocene of Ukraine (1), United States (1: Kansas)

• Eocene of United States (2: Wyoming)

Total: 67 collections including 112 occurrences

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