Family Ardeidae Leach 1820 (heron)

Aves - Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae

Parent taxon: Pelecaniformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Alvarez 1977, Brodkorb 1955, Brunet 1970, Carroll 1988, del Hoyo et al. 2014, Emslie 1992, Guthrie 1992, Hay 1902, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Louchart et al. 2008, Mayr 2011, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Rasmussen et al. 1987, Scofield et al. 2010, Steadman and Takano 2019 and Wetmore 1940

Sister taxa: Cladornithes, Fregatae, Odontopteryges, Odontopterygia, Pelecanidae, Phaethontes, Protoplotidae, Steganopodes, Threskiornithidae, Torotix

Subtaxa: Agamia Ardea Ardeacites Ardeagrandis Ardeinae Botaurinae Botaurites Botaurus Bubulcus Butorides Cochlearius Egretta Gnotornis Ixobrychus Matuku Nyctanassa Nycticorax Palaeophoyx Pilherodius Syrigma Taphophoyx Zeltornis

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Ecology: volant piscivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of American Samoa (1 collection), the Bahamas (5), Bermuda (5), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Cook Islands (1), Cuba (1), Ecuador (3), Egypt (7), French Polynesia (2), Greece (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Jordan (1), Madagascar (4), the Marshall Islands (1), Mauritius (7), Mexico (4), New Zealand (1), Niue (1), Northern Mariana Islands (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Peru (1), Reunion (3), Saint Helena (2), the Seychelles (1), Tonga (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (33: California, Florida, Idaho, Maine, Oregon, Virginia), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (2)

• Blancan of United States (5: Florida, Kansas)

• Pliocene of Chad (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (5: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Kenya (1)

• Miocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (2), Kenya (3), New Zealand (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Thailand (1), United States (4: Florida, Nebraska)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), Egypt (1)

• Eocene of Chile (1), France (1), United States (1: Wyoming)

Total: 134 collections including 198 occurrences

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