Family Ardeidae Leach 1820 (heron)

Aves - Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae

Parent taxon: Pelecaniformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Alvarez 1977, Brodkorb 1955, Brunet 1970, Carroll 1988, Emslie 1992, Guthrie 1992, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Louchart et al. 2008, Mayr 2011, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Rasmussen et al. 1987 and Scofield et al. 2010

Sister taxa: Cladornithes, Fregatae, Odontopteryges, Odontopterygia, Pelecanidae, Phaethontes, Protoplotidae, Steganopodes, Threskiornithidae, Torotix

Subtaxa: Ardea Ardeacites Ardeagrandis Ardeinae Botaurinae Botaurites Botaurus Butorides Calcardea Egretta Eoceornis Gnotornis Ixobrychus Matuku Nyctanassa Nycticorax Palaeophoyx Syrigma Zeltornis

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Ecology: volant piscivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of American Samoa (1 collection), the Bahamas (5), Bermuda (5), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Cook Islands (1), Cuba (1), Ecuador (3), Egypt (6), French Polynesia (2), Italy (1), Japan (1), Jordan (1), Madagascar (2), the Marshall Islands (1), Mauritius (7), Mexico (4), New Zealand (1), Niue (1), Northern Mariana Islands (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Peru (1), Reunion (3), Saint Helena (2), the Seychelles (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (33: California, Florida, Idaho, Maine, Oregon, Virginia), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (2)

• Blancan of United States (5: Florida, Kansas)

• Pliocene of United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (4: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Kenya (1)

• Miocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (2), Kenya (3), New Zealand (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Thailand (1), United States (4: Florida, Nebraska)

• Oligocene of Egypt (1)

• Eocene of Chile (1), France (1), United States (1: Wyoming)

• Paleocene of United States (1: Wyoming)

Total: 128 collections including 190 occurrences

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