†family Amphicyonidae Haeckel 1886 (bear-dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Amphicyonidae

Parent taxon: Caniformia according to S. Tomiya 2011

See also Carroll 1988, Hunt 1998, Hunt 2001, Hunt 2002, Hunt 2002, Hunt 2011, Hunt and Stepleton 2015, Morales et al. 2007, Morlo et al. 2007, Sach and Heizmann 2001, Tomiya and Tseng 2016, Wang et al. 2005, Werdelin and Peigne 2010 and Zhai et al. 2003

Sister taxa: Canoidea, Cynoidea, Lycophocyon, Mustelidae, Palaearctonyx, Procynodictis

Subtaxa: Afrocyon Agnotherium Amphicyanis Amphicyoninae Angelarctocyon Aphicyoninae Arctamphicyon Bonisicyon Brachycyon Daphoeninae Guangxicyon Gustafsonia Haplocyon Haplocyoninae Haplocyonoides Haplocyonopsis Harpagophagus Ictiocyon Myacyon Notoamphicyon Paradaphoenus Pseudamphicyon Pseudarctos Pseudocyonopsis Sarcocyon Symplectocyon Temnocyoninae Thaumastocyoninae Vishnucyon

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of the Russian Federation (1 collection), South Africa (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Kenya (1)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Canada (2: Saskatchewan), China (10), Egypt (2), Ethiopia (1), France (24), Germany (9), Hungary (1), India (1), Kenya (12), Libya (1), Morocco (1), Namibia (6), Nepal (2), Pakistan (8), Panama (1), Portugal (2), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (2), Spain (10), Switzerland (1), Tunisia (1), Turkey (1), Uganda (2), Ukraine (1), United States (162: California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Harrisonian of United States (33: Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, Wyoming)

• Arikareean of United States (21: California, Nebraska, Oregon, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Kazakhstan (1)

• Oligocene of Canada (2: Saskatchewan), the Czech Republic (1), France (4), Georgia (1), Germany (2), Pakistan (1), Switzerland (1), United States (53: Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Eocene of Canada (5: Saskatchewan), China (1), Mongolia (1), United States (54: Colorado, Georgia, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

Total: 451 collections including 552 occurrences

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