Spermophilus Cuvier 1825 (ground squirrel)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Sciuridae

Synonyms: Citellus Oken 1816, Citellus (Otospermophilus) Brandt 1844, Otospermophilus Brandt 1844

Parent taxon: Marmotini according to J. M. Mercer and V. L. Roth 2003

See also Alroy 2002, Barnosky 1986, Bryant 1945, Gray 1825, Hall 1981, Korth 1994, Kurten and Anderson 1980, McKenna and Bell 1997, Schultz and Howard 1935, Shotwell 1956, Shotwell 1968, Stirton and Goeriz 1942, Sutton and Korth 1995 and Wilson and Reeder 1993

Sister taxa: Ammospermophilus, Cynomys, Eutamias, Marmota, Neotamias, Tamias, Spermophilinus

Subtaxa: Citellus (Otospermophilus) argonautus Citellus (Otospermophilus) bensoni Citellus (Otospermophilus) gidleyi Citellus ridgwayi Spermophilus armatus Spermophilus beecheyi Spermophilus boothi Spermophilus cochisei Spermophilus columbianus Spermophilus cragini Spermophilus cyanocittus Spermophilus dotti Spermophilus elegans Spermophilus finlayensis Spermophilus franklinii Spermophilus fricki Spermophilus howelli Spermophilus jerae Spermophilus johnstoni Spermophilus lateralis Spermophilus lorisrusselli Spermophilus matachicensis Spermophilus matthewi Spermophilus mcgheei Spermophilus mckayensis Spermophilus meadensis Spermophilus meltoni Spermophilus mexicanus Spermophilus parryii Spermophilus primitivus Spermophilus rexroadensis Spermophilus richardsonii Spermophilus russelli Spermophilus shotwelli Spermophilus spilosoma Spermophilus superciliosus Spermophilus taylori Spermophilus townsendii Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Spermophilus tuitus Spermophilus variegatus Spermophilus wellingtonensis Spermophilus wilsoni

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Ecology: semifossorial granivore-frugivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (13: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon collections), the Czech Republic (1), Georgia (1), Germany (2), Greece (2), Mexico (3), Romania (12), Turkey (1), Ukraine (1), United States (134: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming)

• Blancan of Mexico (2), United States (39: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene of China (1)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (2), United States (30: Arizona, California, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas)

• Miocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan), Mexico (1), Slovakia (2), United States (21: California, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Wyoming)

Total: 269 collections including 310 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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