Hystrix Linnaeus 1758 (porcupine)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Hystricidae

Alternative spelling: Histrix

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Hystricidae according to S. Sen 2001

See also Gray 1825, Illiger 1811, Linnaeus 1758 and McKenna and Bell 1997

Sister taxa: Atherurus, Sivacanthion, Spygurus, Trichys, Xenohystrix

Subtaxa: Hystrix (Hystricops) Hystrix africaeaustralis Hystrix arayanensis Hystrix cristata Hystrix depereti

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Ecology: semifossorial herbivore-frugivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of China (14 collections), the Congo-Kinshasa (4), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Djibouti (1), Egypt (3), Ethiopia (2), France (4), Georgia (1), Germany (1), Greece (1), Hungary (1), India (1), Indonesia (2), Israel (4), Italy (4), Kenya (8), Libya (1), Morocco (8), the Philippines (2), Romania (1), South Africa (37), Spain (8), Sudan (6), Swaziland (2), Tanzania (5), Vietnam (1), Zambia (4)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Greece (1), Italy (1), Kenya (2), South Africa (3), Turkey (1)

• Pliocene of Ethiopia (4), France (1), Georgia (1), Greece (2), Hungary (3), India (1), Italy (2), Kenya (6), Malawi (1), Morocco (1), Poland (1), Romania (2), South Africa (2), Spain (3), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (8)

• MN 13 of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Ethiopia (1)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (2), Austria (1), Chad (1), China (5), Greece (2), Kenya (4), Moldova (2), Spain (1), Turkey (1)

Total: 197 collections including 210 occurrences

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