Family Hystricidae Fischer de Waldheim 1817 (porcupine)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Hystricidae

Alternative spelling: Histricidae

Parent taxon: Hystricognathi according to P. Coster et al. 2010

See also Bonaparte 1850, Carroll 1988, Cope 1889, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gray 1821, Gray 1825, Huchon and Douzery 2001, Nowak 1991 and Nowak 1999

Sister taxa: Bathyergomorpha, Bugtimys, Caviomorpha, Gaudeamuridae, Hodsahibia, Metaphiomys, Phiomorpha, Protophiomyinae

Subtaxa: Atherurus Hystrix Sivacanthion Spygurus Trichys Xenohystrix

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Type: Hystrix

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore-frugivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of China (14 collections), the Congo-Kinshasa (4), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Djibouti (1), Egypt (3), Ethiopia (2), France (4), Georgia (1), Germany (1), Greece (1), Hungary (1), India (1), Indonesia (3), Israel (4), Italy (4), Kenya (9), Libya (1), Morocco (8), the Philippines (2), Romania (1), South Africa (38), Spain (8), Sudan (6), Swaziland (2), Tanzania (6), Vietnam (1), Zambia (4)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Greece (1), Italy (1), Kenya (2), South Africa (3), Turkey (1)

• Pliocene of Ethiopia (7), France (1), Georgia (1), Greece (2), Hungary (3), India (1), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (6), Malawi (1), Morocco (1), Poland (1), Romania (2), South Africa (4), Spain (3), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (11)

• MN 13 of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Ethiopia (1), South Africa (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (1)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (2), Austria (1), Chad (1), China (5), Greece (2), India (1), Kenya (4), Moldova (2), Spain (1), Turkey (1)

Total: 213 collections including 241 occurrences

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