Family Caviidae Waterhouse 1839 (caviomorph)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Caviidae

Alternative spelling: Caviadae

Parent taxon: Cavioidea according to D. Huchon and E. J. P. Douzery 2001

See also Bonaparte 1850, Carroll 1988, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gray 1821, MacFadden et al. 1993, Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Prado et al. 1998 and Wood 1958

Sister taxa: Agoutidae, Andemys, Asteromys, Chubutomys, Cuniculidae, Dasyproctidae, Eobranisamys, Eocardiidae, Guiomys, Hydrochoeridae, Microcardiodon

Subtaxa: Allocavia Cardiomyinae Cardiomys Cavia Caviinae Caviodon Caviops Dolicavia Dolichotinae Dolichotis Hydrochoerinae Kerodon Microcavia Neocavia Orthomyctera Palaeocavia Pascualia Procardiomys Prodolichotis Propediolagus

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Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (17 collections), Bolivia (6), Brazil (8), Colombia (2), Ecuador (1), El Salvador (1), Guatemala (1), Honduras (1), Italy (1), Mexico (3), Myanmar (1), Nicaragua (1), Panama (2), Peru (7), Somalia (1), Taiwan (1), United States (27: Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (4)

• Blancan of Mexico (3), United States (3: Arizona, Florida)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Grenada (1)

• Pliocene of Argentina (25), Colombia (1)

• Montehermosan of Argentina (3), Bolivia (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (12), Bolivia (3), Brazil (1), Colombia (27), Peru (2), United States (1: Florida)

Total: 171 collections including 240 occurrences

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