Family Erethizontidae Bonaparte 1845 (porcupine)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Erethizontidae

Parent taxon: Erethizontoidea according to M. Boivin et al. 2017

See also Carroll 1988, Hay 1902, Huchon and Douzery 2001, Hulbert 1997, Kramarz et al. 2010, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Wood 1958 and Wood and Patterson 1959

Sister taxa: Eosteiromys, Kichkasteiromys, Plesiosteiromys, Shapajamys, Steiromys

Subtaxa: Branisamyopsis Cholamys Coendou Eopululo Erethizon Erethizontinae Hyposteiromys Hypsosteiromys Microsteiromys Neosteiromys Palaeosteiromys Paradoxomys Parasteiromys Protosteiromys

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Ecology: arboreal herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Bolivia (2 collections), Brazil (2), Canada (1: Alberta), Mexico (2), Panama (1), Peru (1), United States (54: Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia), Venezuela (2)

• Blancan of United States (11: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), Colombia (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (15), Bolivia (1), Brazil (1), Colombia (3), Peru (1)

• Deseadan of Argentina (2), Bolivia (2)

• Oligocene of Peru (1)

• Eocene of Peru (1)

Total: 105 collections including 119 occurrences

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